Jean Buridan

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Buridan, Jean

 

Born circa 1300 in Bethune (Artois); died circa 1358. French philosopher; a representative of nominalism.

Buridan began teaching at the University of Paris in 1328. He contributed to the dissemination in France of Ockham’s philosophy and many concepts of natural science (explanation of the movement of falling bodies and the possibility of unlimited immovable space, for example). Buridan saw the problem of freedom of will as logically insoluble. He did not coin the proverbial expression “Buridan’s ass.”

WORKS

Quaestiones super libris quattuor de caelo et mundo. Cambridge, Mass., 1942.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941. Page 478.
Maier, A. Die Vorläufer Galileis im 14. Jahrhundert. Rome, 1949.
Faral, E. “Jean Buridan, maître ès arts de l’Université de Paris.” In his book Histoire littéraire de la France. Paris, 1950.
References in classic literature ?
Yes," added Planchet, "like the famous ass of Buridan.
7 The following remarks have been inspired by an ex tempore paper on the logic of Buridan and Ockham, given by Paul Thom at the July 1995 Aristotle and Aristotelianism conference at the Australian National University.
00--This book continues the author's earlier study Weakness of the Will in Medieval Thought: From Augustine to Buridan (New York: Brill, 1994), although it stands on its own.
Includes: Jill Kraye and Risto Saarinen, "Introduction"; David Lines, "Sources and Authorities for Moral Philosophy in the Italian Renaissance: Thomas Aquinas and Jean Buridan on Aristotle's Ethics"; Thomas Pink, "Action, Will and Law in Late Scholasticism"; M.
This paper confronts a certain modern view of the relation between semantics and ontology with that of the late-medieval nominalist philosophers William Ockham and John Buridan.
One could deny the existence of universals, yet accept the independent existence of entities such as relations and quantities over and above individual things (as John Buridan, 1300-58, did), or, vice versa, one could be a realist on universals but an advocate of a reductionist program of some sort (as Walter Burley, ca.
The Liar Paradox (which for him is "the so-called liar paradox") can be addressed without any metalinguistic maneuvering simply by saying, with Jean Buridan, that the utterer of a Liar Sentence is speaking falsely.
See also the developments in fourteenth-century scholasticism (`William of Occam, Jean Buridan, Gregory of Rimini, Nicholas of Autrecourt), whose relation to humanism has scarcely been studied.
It points out that neuroscientists are not studying this class of actions, as their studies focus on simple commanded actions (for example, finger flex) and simple Buridan choices (for example, push the left or right button).
In a related example at the beginning of Aristotle's Categories, some things are said to be "paronymous," which has been translated denominativa [denominative] in the Latin tradition and becomes a theory of connotation in such nominalists as William of Ockham and Jean Buridan.
The treatment of the problem of infinity and infinite worlds both before and after the Condemnation, as represented by Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham, and Jean Buridan, are condensed into ten pages (19-29).