Burlingame Treaty


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Burlingame Treaty:

see under Burlingame, AnsonBurlingame, Anson
, 1820–70, American diplomat, b. New Berlin, N.Y. He became a lawyer in Boston and later (1855–61) a Congressman. Defeated for reelection, he was made (1861) minister to China.
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References in periodicals archive ?
These principles were poignantly embedded in the Burlingame Treaty of 1868.
While they both agreed with the principal features of the policy which the United States and western powers pursued toward the Qing Empire, Burlingame displayed extraordinary skills in drafting eight additional articles, which supplemented the 1858 Treaty of Tientsin to form the Burlingame Treaty, also known as the Seward-Burlingame Treaty.
In passing the Exclusion Act, Congress rejected the spirit behind the 1868 Burlingame Treaty with China that declared a person had an "inherent and unalienable right to change his home and allegiance.
Lacking political power, Chinese found that the Burlingame Treaty of 1868, which guaranteed Chinese residents "the same privileges, immunities, and exemptions" extended to natives of other countries, and the Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibited states from denying any person due process or equal protection of the laws, to be potent weapons in the federal courts.
Hayes vetoed the bill on May 11 on the grounds that it violated the Burlingame Treaty of 1868, which established free immigration between the two countries.