Buryat Republic

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Buryat Republic

(bo͝oryät`) or

Buryatia

(bo͝oryät`ēə), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 1,050,000), c.135,600 sq mi (351,200 sq km), SE Siberian Russia, N of Mongolia, extending between Lake Baykal and the Yablonovy Mts. Ulan-UdeUlan-Ude
, city (1989 pop. 353,000), capital of the Buryat Republic, SE Siberian Russia, on the Selenga River near its confluence with the Uda. A major transportation hub, it is a river port, a junction on the Trans-Siberian RR, and the starting point of a railway to Ulaanbaatar
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 is the capital. The republic is mountainous and heavily forested and has rivers and lakes that are rich in fish and that provide hydroelectric power. In the mountains are valuable deposits of coal, iron ore, tungsten, molybdenum, gold, tungsten, nickel, bauxite, and manganese. The chief sectors of the economy are mining, lumbering, and livestock raising. Agriculture, found mainly in the Selenga River valley, is based on spring wheat and fodder crops. There are fisheries and fish-canning plants on Lake Baykal. Fur breeding and trading are important in the north, where nomads also keep reindeer herds. Major manufactures of Buryat include machinery (notably locomotives for the Trans-Siberian RR, which traverses the republic), metal products, pulp, paper, and textiles. The Buryats, former nomads who have largely adopted a sedentary existence, are descended from the Huns, Mongols, Evenki, and Turks. They speak a Mongolian language and generally adhere to Lamaist Buddhism or to Russian Orthodoxy. Buryats constitute about 24% of the republic's population and engage mostly in stock raising. Russians make up a majority (70%) of the population, and there are Evenki, Tuvan, Tatar, and Ukrainian minorities. Russian penetration of the region began in the 1620s and advanced for a century in the face of Buryat resistance until annexation occurred in 1727, followed by intensive Russian colonization. The Buryat-Mongol ASSR was formed in 1923 and retained that name until 1958. The Buryat Republic was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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).

Buryat Republic

, Buryatia
a constituent republic of SE central Russia, on Lake Baikal: mountainous, with forests covering over half the total area. Capital: Ulan-Ude. Pop.: 981 000 (2002). Area: 351 300 sq. km (135 608 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
BLK has forest concessions in 5 forest areas in the Republic of Buryatia (1,000,000 ha in total) until 2059 maximum.
As an illustrative example, they offer the following: "Even if the Russian republic of Buryatia were to install high-speed fibre-optic cables, it would not divert much business from Moscow and St.
Four days after crossing the border on an armoured train for his first visit to Russia in nine years, Kim sat down with Medvedev at a paratroops garrison near Lake Baikal in the Buryatia region, some 4,500 km east of Moscow.
Later in the week, possibly Tuesday, Kim is expected to meet Medvedev in the eastern Siberian city of Ulan Ude near Lake Baikal in the Buddhist region of Buryatia, 5,550 kilometers east of Moscow.
The video of a supposed dead alien, found in Russia's Republic of Buryatia near the claimed UFO spotting last month, has become an internet sensation.
Tick-borne encephalitis virus in ticks in Finland, Russian Karelia, and Buryatia.
Devising an ecotourism strategy is an increasingly crucial issue within the Buryatia region of Siberia as Lake Baikal attracts more visitors, and developers, each year.
Large amounts of cannabis are frequently seized in the Altai Territory and Republic of Buryatia (Kazakh-Chinese-Mongolian Border), the Amur Region (Far East) and Maritime Territory (Pacific Coast).
Specific topics include the people of the schism 1667-2007, folk Islam and Muslim youth of the central and northwest Caucasus, the confessional situation of Russian Jews in the late 20th century, problems and prospects of the revival of Buddhism in Buryatia, the phenomenon of White Faith in southern Siberia, and exorcism and explanation in the Teleut ritual Chymyr.
Future mergers will immediately result in the disappearance of remaining autonomous okrugs, (17) but also discussed are eventual mergers to erase ethnic republics, first of all the impoverished republics of Buryatia, Altai, Adygea, and Ingushetia.
As well as Chechnya, Bashkortostan, Kabardino-Balkaria and Buryatia and others, Tataristan is included in the court order.
National newspaper and television coverage resulted in two children's hospitals in Ulan Ude, the capital of the Republic of Buryatia, deciding to launch similar activities.