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the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.


Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.


References in periodicals archive ?
Absolute mathematic indexes for the most richly represented 'Asiatic' traditions (Kazakh, Buryat, Altai, Tuvinians, Mongols, Georgians) are higher than indexes for the best represented 'European' traditions (German, Spanish, French, Estonian, Greek.
Now a minority in their own region, the Buryats nevertheless contribute the predominant cultural influence in the Republic.
Sergei Shapkhaev, a Buryat representative to the USSR Congress of People's Deputies who has worked incessantly for Baikal protection, would be project coordinator.
Late tsarist and early Soviet nationality and cultural policy; the Buryats and their language.
The Buddhists, again were not Russian--they were Kalmucks or Buryats.
Whereas indigenous populations formed outright majorities in two of the previously autonomous regions (Komi-Permyak Autonomous Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Oblast), and more than a quarter of the population in another two (Koryak Autonomous Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Oblast), they form small, nearly insignificant minorities in the resultant mergers (see Table 2).
The Tract in the Mongolian language that Bawden examines was printed especially for the missionaries of the London Missionary Society who were active among the Buryat Mongols of Siberia between 1818 and 1847.