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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

References in periodicals archive ?
com for Busan provides information and recommendation for top attractions such as the Jagalchi Market & BIFF Square.
BUFS, is a private, Christian university in Busan, the Republic of Korea, which specializes in teaching foreign languages.
Seatrade Cruise Asia is hosted by Busan Port Authority, Busan Metropolitan City, Korea Tourism Organization and Korea Marine Leisure Network.
Colorful, brash but endearing, Busan is a rough diamond that certainly speaks for itself.
Busan Bank employees using the new apps can streamline customer on-boarding processes by creating a collaborative, consultative experience that blends customers' personal financial goals with available banking products.
Oh Nam Hwan, chief information officer at Busan Bank, said, 'To stay competitive, it is critical we offer compelling mobile solutions to both our customers and our employees, while meeting strict security standards.
With Ulsan having played two fewer games than the Steelers, Pohang should look to attack, but Busan can take advantage of that, as they did when the teams met in Pohang in September, when a late goal from Yong-Ho Park was enough for victory.
Set in the heart of the bustling city, Park Hyatt Busan upholds the brand's deep rooted reputation for sophisticated style, outstanding service and accommodations, and superior facilities.
The launch of DHL's 8th Global Multinational Gateway in Busan puts us in prime position to take advantage of that growth potential.
It was while in South Korea that she decided to enter Jurassic Park and Golf in the prestigious Busan International Kids Festival.
As Renault Samsung achieves competitive cost targets, Busan plant will produce new derivative vehicles for Korea and export markets.
According to Yonhap News Agency, the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission said the Gori-1 reactor at the Gori Nuclear Power Plant in Busan, 450 kilometers south of Seoul, temporarily lost power on Feb.