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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

References in periodicals archive ?
Now, the nation's second-largest city of Busan has taught a lesson to the Seoul city administrators.
The DOTr said that following the uniform guidelines for the blacklisting of contractors, Busan and Edison would be disqualified from the three projects which were in the post-qualification stage.
While Busan and Edison may have submitted the legal, technical and financial documents required under Republic Act 9184 (Government Procurement Reform that evaluates these on 'presence' or 'absence' criteria), Busan and Edison have not been declared qualified for the projects, which is done in the post-qualification stage of a procurement process," it added.
Some of the attractions delegates immersed themselves with included wearing the traditional Korean Hanbok at Gamcheon Cultural Village, learning the art of peace during the Beomosa Temple's tea ceremony, and a fine-dining experience at the Nurimaru APEC House in Busan.
com for Busan provides information and recommendation for top attractions such as the Jagalchi Market & BIFF Square.
Hundreds of people, many wearing raingear, packed the Busan Cinema Center for the opening ceremony despite heavy wind warnings triggered by Typhoon Dujuan.
With the backing, and constant agitation, of the Busan Film Commission, Busan is also home to the unique Asian Film Policy Forum.
Busan Bank employees using the new apps can streamline customer on-boarding processes by creating a collaborative, consultative experience that blends customers' personal financial goals with available banking products.
Korea-based Busan Bank has announced that it has selected a solution from IBM to enhance its mobile apps.
29 September 2014 -- US-based IT firm IBM (NYSE: IBM) has announced a collaboration with Korea-based Busan Bank to create a set of secure customised mobile apps that will improve employee productivity and decision making to enhance the customer experience.
The Busan assembly will be remembered for many things, including the pain of Korean division and the witness of the Korean churches for peace and reconciliation in the Korean peninsula.
Pohang's home form has been poor as they have failed to win any of their last in front of their own fans and Busan, who lost 1-0 to new leaders Ulsan on Saturday, can provide them with a difficult test.