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(bo͞oshĕr`) or


(–shĭr`), city (1991 pop. 132,824), SW Iran, on the Persian Gulf. It is one of the chief ports of Iran, handling about 75% of Iran's foreign trade, and is the terminus of a trade route from Shiraz, Esfahan, and Tehran. An oil center for the region, Bushehr has thermoelectric and nuclear power plants and a fishing industry. Carpets, agricultural products, cotton, and wool are exported.

Bushehr was founded in 1736 by Nadir Shah. It was used by the British as a base for their Persian Gulf fleet in the 18th cent. and became a major commercial port in the 19th cent. It suffered heavy damage during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Russian company said that it is helping the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) to build second reactor of it nuclear power plant in Bushehr.
Sergei Kiriyenko, the head of Russia's Rosatom state corporation, and Iran's nuclear chief, Ali Akbar Salehi, also signed a protocol envisaging possible construction of two more reactors in Bushehr and another four in undetermined locations.
The deal has been finalized during an arrival to the Qatari capital of Doha by an Iranian trade delegation headed by Bushehr Province?
Iran's sole Bushehr nuclear power plant, which produces 1,000 megawatts, came into service in 2011 after several delays blamed on technical problems.
Russian Ambassador to Iran Levan Dzhagaryan said earlier in September that Moscow was ready to increase its nuclear cooperation with Tehran even after the Islamic Republic takes full control of the Russian-built Bushehr nuclear power plant.
3-magnitude quake which resulted in the death of around 40 people in the Bushehr province (southwest of Iran), and provoked fears over radiation leaks from the Bushehr nuclear reactor, although Tehran and Moscow denied that the facility was damaged.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) "should send a specialised technical team to inspect the Bushehr nuclear plant and investigate potential damage", GCC Secretary-General Abdulatif Al Zayani told an emergency meeting of top Gulf emergency officials.
Offices in the capitals of Qatar and Bahrain were evacuated after the quake, whose epicentre was 89 km (55 miles) southeast of the port city of Bushehr, according to the U.
Bushehr: A powerful earthquake struck near Iran's Gulf port city of Bushehr on Tuesday, killing at least 30 people and injuring 800 but leaving Iran's only nuclear power plant intact, officials said.
Iran launched the 1,000-megawatt Russian-built plant in Bushehr Monday.
Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, said on Wednesday the Bushehr plant would keep Iran firmly fixed to the peaceful use of nuclear power.
Meant to be the first of a network of nuclear power stations Iran says it is planning, the Russian-built Bushehr complex has missed deadline after deadline to come on stream, most recently fuel had to be removed and checked for technical problems.