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(bo͞oshĕr`) or


(–shĭr`), city (1991 pop. 132,824), SW Iran, on the Persian Gulf. It is one of the chief ports of Iran, handling about 75% of Iran's foreign trade, and is the terminus of a trade route from Shiraz, Esfahan, and Tehran. An oil center for the region, Bushehr has thermoelectric and nuclear power plants and a fishing industry. Carpets, agricultural products, cotton, and wool are exported.

Bushehr was founded in 1736 by Nadir Shah. It was used by the British as a base for their Persian Gulf fleet in the 18th cent. and became a major commercial port in the 19th cent. It suffered heavy damage during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s.

References in periodicals archive ?
685MW of electricity has been generated at the first unit of Bushehr nuclear power plant since the start of its operation, the AEOI said, adding that 25.
Mahmud Jafari, project manager for the plant, told a ceremony as foundation work began Saturday that the second nuclear plant at Bushehr would become operational in 2025 and a planned third plant in 2027.
In his reply, Head of Atomic Energy Commission of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi said: Today, we are witness of the ground breaking for the second power unit of Bushehr NPP.
First power unit of Bushehr NPP was connected to the national grid of Iran on September 3, 2011.
TEHRAN: Iran and Russia are to begin construction on two new nuclear reactors at Iran's Bushehr nuclear power plant, the head of the Atomic Energy Organization in Tehran said late Wednesday.
Iran's sole Bushehr nuclear power plant, which produces 1,000 megawatts, came into service in 2011 after several delays blamed on technical problems.
Russian Ambassador to Iran Levan Dzhagaryan said earlier in September that Moscow was ready to increase its nuclear cooperation with Tehran even after the Islamic Republic takes full control of the Russian-built Bushehr nuclear power plant.
3-magnitude quake which resulted in the death of around 40 people in the Bushehr province (southwest of Iran), and provoked fears over radiation leaks from the Bushehr nuclear reactor, although Tehran and Moscow denied that the facility was damaged.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) "should send a specialised technical team to inspect the Bushehr nuclear plant and investigate potential damage", GCC Secretary-General Abdulatif Al Zayani told an emergency meeting of top Gulf emergency officials.
Offices in the capitals of Qatar and Bahrain were evacuated after the quake, whose epicentre was 89 km (55 miles) southeast of the port city of Bushehr, according to the U.
Washington :US intelligence agencies have significantly stepped up spying operations on Iran's Bushehr nuclear reactor prompted by concerns about the security of weapons-grade plutonium there, The Wall Street Journal reported Monday.