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see SanSan
, people of SW Africa (mainly Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa), consisting of several groups and numbering about 100,000 in all. They are generally short in stature; their skin is yellowish brown in color; and they have broad noses, flat ears, bulging foreheads,
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the oldest indigenous population of southern and eastern Africa. The Bushmen live in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, in the vicinity of the Etosha depresion in Namibia, and regions adjacent to it in Botswana, Angola, and the Republic of South Africa; there is a small number in Tanzania. Total population is approximately 50, 000 (1967 estimate). They speak Bushman and Bantu languages. At one time the Bushmen were settled throughout southern Africa, but they were driven back by Bantu peoples migrating from the north and European colonizers (from the south); the latter systematically exterminated the Bushmen. They lead the life of nomadic hunters and gatherers of wild fruits.

The Bushmen are widely known as skillful masters of expressive paintings on rocks. These paintings, executed with mineral and earth pigments, including lime and soot, which aie diluted in water and animal fat, are preserved on the territory of the Republic of South Africa, Lesotho, Rhodesia, and Namibia. The dating of the oldest of these paintings is associated with various theories on the origin of Bushman art and ranges from thousands to several hundreds of years B.C. Motifs in the paintings include realistically depicted animals, dynamic hunting and battle scenes filled with expression, human figures in very elongated proportions, and fabulous creatures. The oldest layers were done with one pigment (red or brown), whereas recent layers (late 19th century) are multicolored with soft transitional tones.


Ellenberger, V. Tragicheskii konets bushmenov. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from French.)
Tonque, H. Bushmen Paintings. Oxford, 1909.
References in periodicals archive ?
The special status some might want to ascribe to the myth and lore of the [nineteenth-century southern] /Xam Bushmen--for instance, Schapera (1930: 398) who deemed the southern Bushmen to 'stand apart from the rest'--is seen to dissolve and the fact that Bushman expressive and religious culture does indeed constitute one unit (Guenther 1989:33-36) becomes the more apparent (Guenther 1996: 98).
For more information visit the Namibia: Barefoot with the Bushmen expedition page on our website, secretcompass.
The bushmen are regarded as the greatest trackers in the world.
They can go on a Bushmen walk, where they are shown all the survival secrets and the history of the San People.
The government is preventing the Bushmen from hunting and orders them to apply for licenses to access their ancestral land in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR).
On World Tourism Day on 27 September, Survival International launched a campaign to embargo Botswana tourism as, according to the organisation, the country is promoting tourism in the CKGR region at the cost of eviction of the Bushmen from their ancestral land.
While the /Xam Bushmen believed the stars were formerly people, some
Up until that minute, I had been starting to feel quite at home relaxing among the San bushmen of Namibia.
What I read was that as late as the early 1900s, you could buy a hunting license to shoot bushmen, like shooting a wild animal.
Moran (2009) verwoord dit soos volg: "We have seen the therapeutic forces representing Bushmen encompass a nourishing longing and homesickness, a protective circle that safeguards an image of the past and the present.
This is a great victory for the Bushmen and also for Botswana as a whole," Stephen Corry, director of the Indigenous rights group Survival International, says of the court ruling.
Those Bushmen who didn't become civilised, were pushed into Bechuanaland - now Botswana - near the Kalahari Desert where their rock art can also be found.