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bandits who terrorized the bush country of Australia in the 19th cent. The first bushrangers (c.1806–44) were mainly escaped convicts who fled to the bush and organized gangs. Their crimes were checked effectively by various Bushranging Acts passed after 1830. With the discovery of gold, however, bushrangers of a new type flourished from 1850 to 1880, largely brigand-adventurers who attacked gold convoys. The last of these were the men of the Kelly gang. This band of desperadoes was exterminated in 1880 when three members were trapped and killed at a hotel in Glenrowan, Victoria, and Edward (Ned) Kelly was hanged at Melbourne. Despite the frequent brutality of the gangs, they often held the status of folk heroes among the poor.


See studies by W. F. Wannan (1963) and T. A. Prior (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
Chapters 3 and 4, that look at the supporters of the bushrangers and the cultural milieu of what West calls a bushranging class, are well worth the read.
We have been reading and watching rubbish about bushrangers for over a century.
The best two teams from Australia are also there with Victorian Bushrangers emerging as champions of the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash in Australia and Southern Redbacks finishing runners-up.
Saker has led the Bushrangers to the past two Sheffield Shield titles and four domestic Twenty20 successes in the past five years.
Warner and Hughes send Bushrangers on leather hunt while Henriques scalps three
NEW South Wales Blues booked their place in the Champions League Twenty20 final with a commanding 79-run win over Victoria Bushrangers in Delhi.
HENRY DAVIDS smashed an unbeaten half-century as Cape Cobras eased to an eight-wicket victory over Victoria Bushrangers in the Champions League Twenty20.
It is a bushranger novel with two chief bushrangers, one of whom was a nasty piece of work and a very violent character.
The winner gets pounds 42,000, runner-up pounds 21,000 and the two qualify for the Twenty20 Champions League to be played in September in Middle East against Rajasthan Royals, Chennai Super Kings (both India), Victoria Bushrangers, Western Australia Warriors (both Australia), Titans and Dolphins (both South Africa).
The violent history and exploits of Ned Kelly and other bushrangers that terrorized the colonies in the 1860s and 1870s influenced the novel, which Boldrewood claimed, in the preface to the 1889 Macmillan edition, was based on fact.
England's World XI representatives were unable to make an impact as Shaun Pollock's superstars beat a determined Victorian Bushrangers team by 12 runs in a practice match at St Kilda.
He had asked the Bushrangers for a two-year deal but this has been refused.