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see BasraBasra
, Arabic al Basrah, city (1987 pop. 406,296), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is
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, Iraq.



(in antiquity, Bostra), a city in southern Syria. In ancient times Busra was a city of the Nabataean Kingdom; in A.D. 106 it became the chief center of the Roman province of Arabia. In the seventh century it was conquered by the Arabs. Monuments from Roman times have been partially preserved, such as colonnades of the central street, a triple-span arch, thermae, ruins of palaces, a hippodrome, and a theater (the best of the ancient theaters in Syria). Busra also has the remains of a Christian cathedral (A.D. 513), which is one of the first examples of circular construction with a cupola. A citadel, several mosques, and the most ancient madrasah in Syria date back to the 11th or 12th century.


Ouéchek, E., and S. Mougdad. Bosra. Damascus, 1954.



, Basrah, Busra, Busrah
a port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop.: 1 187 000 (2005 est.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Busra Sham had been in the hands of President Bashar Assad's troops throughout the four-year-old conflict and was considered to be a stronghold of pro-government forces in the southern province of Daraa.
Jabhat al-Nusra fighters are reportedly engaged in combat throughout the province, in battle spaces ranging from Nawa in the northwest, to Busra al-Harir in the northeast, and in and around the city of Dar'a.
Adel al-Omari, an activist in the area, said troops have been shelling Busra al-Harir and the nearby rural region of Lajat since midday Monday.
A housewife in Busra, who did not want to be named, told Reuters by telephone that the town was being hit by machinegun fire from tanks.
While state television reported unidentified gunmen killed a member of the security forces and a civilian in Busra al-Harir, residents have been quoted saying that there was a demonstration of 1,000 people when security police fired from their cars.
An army unit clashed with a terrorist group that infiltrated from the cypress farm east of Busra al-Sham city towards Wadi al-Zaidi in the eastern countryside of Daraa province.
ISLAMABAD -- A business delegation of Busra Province of Turkey led by Turgay Yel, Inegol Deputy Mayor visited Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI) on Saturday and exchanged views with Pakistani counterparts for further improving bilateral trade and economic relations.
Meanwhile,Multan press club also held a programme in which president PLF of South Punjab,Habibullah Shakir and PPP South Punjab's general secretary Shukat Busra cut the cake amongst a number of workers and journalists.
In the south, this week's rebel seizure of the town of Busra in Deraa province has prompted a call by Druze spiritual leaders for the government to distribute weapons to the minority community, which observers say feels threatened by the insurgents' advance.
Another three people were killed in strikes elsewhere in Syria -- one in Aleppo province, a second in Damascus province and a third in Busra al-Sham in Daraa province.
Troops, mainly from the 12th Armored Brigade, based in Isra, 40 km from the border with Jordan, stormed the nearby town of Busra Al-Harir.