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Butte

(byo͞ot), city (1990 pop. 33,336), seat of Silver Bow co., SW Mont.; inc. 1879. It is a trade, ranching, and industrial center. Mining dominated the city's life and economy from its establishment in 1862. Copper, as well as zinc, silver, manganese, gold, lead, molybdenum, and arsenic have been extracted from mines in the region; copper is still mined.

First an 1860s gold-hunters' camp, then an 1870s silver center, Butte gained importance when copper was discovered (c.1880) and Marcus DalyDaly, Marcus,
1841–1900, American copper magnate, b. Ireland. He went to New York City at 15 and later moved to California, where he worked as a miner. He was employed by the "silver kings," J. G. Fair and J. W. Mackay, at the Comstock Lode.
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 with his Anaconda Copper Mining Company began to exploit the "richest hill on earth." A huge open-pit mine, the Berkeley, opened in 1955; its expansion forced the relocation of one fifth of Butte's population.

"The Pit" was abandoned in 1982 and has filled with contaminated water draining from surrounding mines. The city, now the largest Superfund site in the nation, has become, in effect, a laboratory for environmental resuscitation efforts, and a number of pollution-remediation companies are based there. Montana Tech of the Univ. of the Montana is also in the city, and Butte is the headquarters of Deerlodge National Forest. Local attractions include museums of mining and minerals, Our Lady of the Rockies, and the Copper King Mansion, once the home of William A. ClarkClark, William Andrews,
1839–1925, U.S. Senator and copper magnate, b. Fayette co., Pa. He moved to Montana, where he amassed a large fortune from the development of copper mines.
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.


butte,

an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top, resulting from the more rapid erosion of the surrounding areas. Buttes are characteristic of the plains of the W United States. See mesamesa
[Span.,=table], name given in the SW United States to a small, isolated tableland or a flat-topped hill. Two or more of the sides are steep and usually perpendicular and some have all four sides practically perpendicular.
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butte

[byüt]
(geography)
A detached hill or ridge which rises abruptly.
References in periodicals archive ?
Renowned for its spectacular on-property venues and breathtaking views, Phoenix Marriott Tempe at The Buttes has spent over $14 million in renovations including all guestrooms and meeting space.
He told me about Butte to Butte, the quintessential Eugene 10K, and suggested that I try it.
Fortunately, each word is accompanied by a photograph, and the photos lead me to conclude that buttes are more abbreviated, less extensive, than mesas.
Bell Rock: This wide trail encircles Bell Rock, a distinctive butte at the southern reaches of the Sedona area.
Nussbaum, chairman and chief executive officer of Patriot American, the acquisition of The Buttes represents the company's first application of the corollary advantage of the recently acquired paired-share structure.
Although the buttes appear on road maps as a blank circle roughly 10 miles in diameter, a wealth of plant and animal life lives within their rocky ramparts.
OTCBB: SKPI), an oil and gas company, today reports that on December 31, 2009, Buttes Gas and Oil Co.
He may be last year's "King of the Uphill," but even Craig Leon, men's winner of the Oregon Track Club Aquafina Butte to Butte in 2012 and 2013, calls the Donald Street hill at the start of the race an incredible challenge for anyone.
The biggest of the proposed areas, named ``Antelope Valley,'' covers more than 222,000 acres - the washes, buttes and most of the scrub-covered valley floor from Lancaster and Palmdale eastward to the San Bernardino County line.
Bill Ritter joined elected officials, energy industry leaders and the community to celebrate the opening of PPM Energy's Twin Buttes Wind Power Project, Colorado's newest wind farm, today.
He had been enamored of the butte since first stepping atop it on that April day in 1961 as a 28-year-old architectural engineer from Iowa, where 682-foot buttes are rare.
Sutter said the Gonzalez boys and other neighborhood kids frequently went up into the rocky buttes ``just as something to do,'' usually carrying ``sticks with nails'' to protect themselves from any wild animals.