Butyrka Prison

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Butyrka Prison


a prison that served as a central deportation point in prerevolutionary Russia; it was also used for the detention of persons under investigation or sentenced on political or criminal charges. The first information on the Butyrka Prison dates from the 17th century.

The prison was built in Moscow near the Butyrka Gate in 1879, at the site of the castle erected by the architect M. F. Kazakov under Catherine II. Insurgent streltsy (semi-professional musketeers) were incarcerated in the towers of the castle under Peter I, and E. I. Pugachev was held there under Catherine II. Hundreds of participants of the Polish Uprising of 1863 passed through the old castle. In 1883 members of the People’s Will were detained in the towers of the Butyrka Prison, as were in 1886 participants in the Morozov Strike of 1885. In 1904 and 1905, N. E. Bauman, V. F. Lengnik, E. D. Stasova, and other prominent Bolsheviks were detained in the Butyrka Prison, and in 1908 and 1909, V. V. Mayakovsky served a term there for spreading revolutionary propaganda among the workers. Between 1910 and 1917, F. E. Dzerzhinskii, Em. Iaroslavskii, and other Bolsheviks were held there.

The regime of the Butyrka Prison was cruel. The prison administration responded to the prisoners’ protests with violence. During the February Revolution of 1917 the workers of Moscow freed the political prisoners. After October 1917 the Butyrka Prison was used for the detention of persons under investigation.

References in periodicals archive ?
But instead officials charged Magnitsky with fraud and put him in Moscow s Matrosskaya Tishina jail, later transferring him to the most infamous prison in the city, Butyrka.
The 56-year-old actor visited Butyrka prison in Moscow to research for his Whiplash role, met guards there, and even asked them to lock him up for a brief moment.
In the bleak, grim setting of Moscow's Butyrka prison was Mickey, complete with blue designer red-tassled moccasins.
Butyrka was built in the 1771 during the reign of Catherine the Great and remains one of the most notorious prisons in Russia.
The November 2009 death in Butyrka prison of 37-year-old attorney Sergei Magnitsky gained broad international attention and refocused Western concerns about corruption and the lack of judicial independence in Russia.
The 'Wrestler' actor visited Butyrka prison in Moscow, met guards there, and even asked them to lock him up for a brief moment.
In Moscow, minor infractions could mean a stay in the terrifying Butyrka jail.
Larisa Litvinova is a doctor and the head of the Butyrka Detention Center Hospital.
Dmitry Kratov is the former chief medical officer of the Butyrka Detention Center Hospital where Magnitsky was held.
The very name Butyrka, which once housed dissident Alexander Solzhen-itsyn, makes Russians shudder with fear.
In the past, Butyrka was the first port of call for dissidents dragged from their beds in the dead of night under the oppressive Soviet regime.