Butyrka Prison

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Butyrka Prison

 

a prison that served as a central deportation point in prerevolutionary Russia; it was also used for the detention of persons under investigation or sentenced on political or criminal charges. The first information on the Butyrka Prison dates from the 17th century.

The prison was built in Moscow near the Butyrka Gate in 1879, at the site of the castle erected by the architect M. F. Kazakov under Catherine II. Insurgent streltsy (semi-professional musketeers) were incarcerated in the towers of the castle under Peter I, and E. I. Pugachev was held there under Catherine II. Hundreds of participants of the Polish Uprising of 1863 passed through the old castle. In 1883 members of the People’s Will were detained in the towers of the Butyrka Prison, as were in 1886 participants in the Morozov Strike of 1885. In 1904 and 1905, N. E. Bauman, V. F. Lengnik, E. D. Stasova, and other prominent Bolsheviks were detained in the Butyrka Prison, and in 1908 and 1909, V. V. Mayakovsky served a term there for spreading revolutionary propaganda among the workers. Between 1910 and 1917, F. E. Dzerzhinskii, Em. Iaroslavskii, and other Bolsheviks were held there.

The regime of the Butyrka Prison was cruel. The prison administration responded to the prisoners’ protests with violence. During the February Revolution of 1917 the workers of Moscow freed the political prisoners. After October 1917 the Butyrka Prison was used for the detention of persons under investigation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for supply of cable installation stocking cap to seal the ends of the cable, the kits to repair cable jackets and kits for the repair of the fiber in the power cable for the construction projects of "MKSM": "Reconstruction with increase of capacity KL 110 kV Butyrki - Samara A, B "," Reconstruction of cable sections of 220 kV aerial cable line Butyrki - Vladikino from Substation Vladykino to the step 206 and the number of PS to PP Butirki number 205 "and" Reconstruction of 110 kV overhead line Bloch - Lefortovo 1.
They couldn't break Mother [when they questioned her] in Butyrki Prison .
Tenders are invited for supply of videoconferencing hatches for construction projects of "MKSM": "Reconstruction with increase of capacity KL 110 kV Butyrki - Samara A, B" and "Reconstruction of the cable members KVL 220 kV Butirki - Vladikino from Substation Vladykino to the step and 206 from PS to PP Butirki 205 [beaucoup plus grand que] closing date:10/04/2015