Byzantine


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Byzantine

1. of, characteristic of, or relating to Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire
2. of, relating to, or characterizing the Orthodox Church or its rites and liturgy
3. of or relating to the highly coloured stylized form of religious art developed in the Byzantine Empire
4. of or relating to the style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire, characterized by massive domes with square bases, rounded arches, spires and minarets, and the extensive use of mosaics
5. denoting the Medieval Greek spoken in the Byzantine Empire
www.archaeolink.com/byzantine_civilization.htm
www.metmuseum.org/explore/Byzantium/art.html
http://historymedren.about.com/cs/byzantinestudies

Byzantine

(jargon, architecture)
A term describing any system that has so many labyrinthine internal interconnections that it would be impossible to simplify by separation into loosely coupled or linked components.

The city of Byzantium, later renamed Constantinople and then Istanbul, and the Byzantine Empire were vitiated by a bureaucratic overelaboration bordering on lunacy: quadruple banked agencies, dozens or even scores of superfluous levels and officials with high flown titles unrelated to their actual function, if any.

Access to the Emperor and his council was controlled by powerful and inscrutable eunuchs and by rival sports factions.

[Edward Gibbon, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire"].
References in classic literature ?
For hundred of year the Byzantine Empire stood as a barrier against the Saracen hosts of Asia.
During this long period these fables seem to have suffered an eclipse, to have disappeared and to have been forgotten; and it is at the commencement of the fourteenth century, when the Byzantine emperors were the great patrons of learning, and amidst the splendors of an Asiatic court, that we next find honors paid to the name and memory of Aesop.
They settled Iceland and Greenland and prematurely discovered America; they established themselves as the ruling aristocracy in Russia, and as the imperial body-guard and chief bulwark of the Byzantine empire at Constantinople; and in the eleventh century they conquered southern Italy and Sicily, whence in the first crusade they pressed on with unabated vigor to Asia Minor.
George Byzantine Catholic Church will host an Iconography Workshop April 23-27 at the church at 720 Rural St.
Collecting Recipes: Byzantine and Jewish Pharmacology in Dialogue
Yet this imperial project came to a crashing collapse fifty years later, when political disunity, fiscal mismanagement, and defeat at the hands of the Seljuks in the east and the Normans in the west brought an end to Byzantine hegemony.
Koco sets out to propose possible connections between the ison (drone) of Byzantine chant and the iso as used in the multipart folk singing of Southern Albania, which is certainly a big undertaking.
Edmund Ryder: The 14 substantial essays comprising the book--subtitled The Byzantine as Method in Modernity investigate the aesthetic links and disjunctions between the culture of Byzantium and 19th- and 20th-century artists, architects and intellectuals who took it to be a source of inspiration and kinship.
Glidden paint today named Byzantine Blue (50BB 32/117), a playful yet peaceful purple, as the 2017 Color of the Year.
This timely and handsome collection of solid, well-conceived, and original studies by twenty-one diverse international contributors investigates an important but insufficiently understood subject: the Byzantine family.
In 1983, Dominique de Menil saw photographs of two Byzantine frescoes and immediately recognised their "exceptional quality" and arranged to see them in Germany.
The Byzantine Republic: People and Power in New Rome, Anthony Kaldellis, Harvard University Press, 312 pages