Byzantine Church


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Byzantine Church

another name for the Orthodox Church

Byzantine Church

 

(cross-of-domes church), a cruciform domed Christian church, which emerged during the development of medieval Byzantine architecture. The classical Byzantine church has four columns joined by arches in the center of the building, which support the drum upon which rests the dome. Pendentives mediate between the arches and the drum. Between the supports along the axes of the church, vaulted arms branch out in the form of a cross toward the outer walls. The corner rooms that are formed as a result of this plan are topped with small cupolas or vaults.

The structural composition of the Byzantine church is determined by this fixed system of interrelated spatial units. The central dome, which is raised high above the drum, is the principal element of the church. The vaulted arms of the cross are situated a story lower, and the corner rooms are even lower. The organization of the church is clearly visible from both inside and outside.

In addition to the organization of space, the plastic expressiveness of the massive walls and supports plays a large role in the creation of this architectural image. The vast surfaces of the interior walls and vaults are decorated with Byzantine religious paintings.

The type of cross-of-domes church that first appeared in the sixth century reached the height of its development from the ninth to the 12th century in the Constantinople school of architecture. Variations of this type of church developed in other schools of Byzantine architecture. Examples of these variations are churches with a dome on squinches, which are reinforced by eight supports; churches with a dome that is supported by two free-standing pillars and two walls; and churches in which two pairs of pillars were added—one pair at the apses and the other at the entrance (in medieval Greece). Another well-known type of Byzantine church had cupolas that covered the arms of the cross.

V. M. POLEVOI

References in periodicals archive ?
ENAISEH, Lebanon: Parts of a Byzantine church at the top of Jabal al-Kenaiseh were destroyed by treasure hunters, according to anthropologist Chamoun Mouannes, who lamented the attack and called on officials to protect the country's archeological sites.
The remaining four mosaics consist of geometric designs of varying sizes, one of which was found in the Greater Byzantine Church while the rest were found in Shahba.
Professor Engin Akyurek from Istanbul University's Art History Department, who is also responsible for the Byzantine period artifacts unearthed during the ongoing excavations at Myra, told AA on Wednesday that a well-preserved Byzantine church had been found 6 meters below ground level at the ancient site.
10) Moreover, the liminal nature of the Widows--"enrolled" or consecrated, and with certain liturgical functions, but not ordained (11)--prefigured the nature of consecrated or enrolled women serving similar functions in the Byzantine Church.
When Ireland reviewed his credentials and saw he was a priest of the Byzantine church and a widower, Ireland refused to grant him faculties or permission to officiate.
On Your last day in Outremer, the Christians had claimed that the Dome of the Rock, overseen by all parties in a hopelessly complicated arrangement, was built originally as a Byzantine church.
The five-domed Byzantine church of Agia Paraskevi is well worth a visit and the frescoes here are lovely.
HUMAN REMAINS FROM A LATE ROMAN/ EARLY BYZANTINE CHURCH AT HACIMUSULAR, TURKEY.
Later, in the 12th and 13th centuries, when the Armenian church entered an intense and decisive period in its relationship with the Byzantine church, the Syrians joined the discussions alongside the Armenians, as partners sharing the same christological position.
Works from Orthodox monasteries, never before lent abroad, add special significance to the exhibition's exploration of the Byzantine church.
Sophia, an 11th-century Byzantine church with lavish mosaics.
The visiting Singaporean officials, which toured the Siq, the Treasury, the Nabataean Theatre and the Byzantine Church, were briefed on the historical importance of the city, recognised in 2007 as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, and which has emerged as a major destination of tourist groups from all over the world.