Byzantine architecture


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Byzantine architecture

(300–1450)
When the seat of the Roman Empire moved to Byzantium, a new style became the official architecture of the church.Plans were based on a Greek cross, with a large cupola rising from the center and smaller ones crowning the four small arms. The style was characterized by large domes supported on pendentives, circular or horseshoe arches, elaborate columns and richness in decorative elements. Doorways were square-headed with a semicircular arch over the flat lintel. The round arch, segmented dome, extensive use of marble veneer and rich frescoes with colored glass mosaics are also characteristic of this style. The most well-known examples are the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, and St. Marks (illus.), in Venice, Italy.

Byzantine architecture

Byzantine architecture
The architecture of the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire which developed from Early Christian and late Roman antecedents in the 4th cent., flourished principally in Greece, but spread widely and lasted throughout the Middle Ages until the fall of Constantinople to the Turks (1453). It is characterized by large pendentive-supported domes, round arches and elaborate columns, richness in decorative elements, and color. The most famous example is the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul (532–537).
References in periodicals archive ?
Guide books tell us the church is the world's finest example of neo-Romanesque Byzantine architecture.
They are, I like to hope, beginning to see that the hidden constitution, with its elaborate rules of etiquette and its byzantine architecture of pretense and its elaborate hierarchies of respectability, is much like the written constitution: It restricts us so we can be free.
Where some of the key building projects were for churches, Byzantine architecture might have been considered a useful bridge to the east.
The piazza is surrounded by the same designer boutiques you'd find on Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, plus you've got a grand view of the San Marco Basilica, a stunning example of Byzantine architecture, decorated with huge horse statues on the exterior and painted ceilings on the inside.
But given the Byzantine architecture of European Union decision making, it seemed lost on delegates that the meeting could have nowhere near the clout of full interministerial contacts.
Its "mosaic-city blend" of Hellenistic-Roman and Byzantine architecture includes the aisles and soaring arches of remarkably well-preserved sixth- and seventh-century churches.
A former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, the Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) is famous in particular for its massive dome and considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture.
Megaw range from `The transition from paganism to Christianity' to Byzantine architecture, frescoes and pottery, `Syriac translations of the Life of Epiphanios', `The prehistory of the Cyprus Department of Antiquities' and `Kite aerial photography'.
Related articles on medieval and Byzantine architecture as well as a postscript on Safavid architecture complete the volume.