Byzantine architecture

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Byzantine architecture

(300–1450)
When the seat of the Roman Empire moved to Byzantium, a new style became the official architecture of the church.Plans were based on a Greek cross, with a large cupola rising from the center and smaller ones crowning the four small arms. The style was characterized by large domes supported on pendentives, circular or horseshoe arches, elaborate columns and richness in decorative elements. Doorways were square-headed with a semicircular arch over the flat lintel. The round arch, segmented dome, extensive use of marble veneer and rich frescoes with colored glass mosaics are also characteristic of this style. The most well-known examples are the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, and St. Marks (illus.), in Venice, Italy.

Byzantine architecture

Byzantine architecture
The architecture of the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire which developed from Early Christian and late Roman antecedents in the 4th cent., flourished principally in Greece, but spread widely and lasted throughout the Middle Ages until the fall of Constantinople to the Turks (1453). It is characterized by large pendentive-supported domes, round arches and elaborate columns, richness in decorative elements, and color. The most famous example is the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul (532–537).
References in periodicals archive ?
27] On a grander scale Bentley's designs for Westminster Cathedral in London were also in the Byzantine style, [28] and in the architectural competition for the new Liverpool Cathedral a Byzantine design had been submitted, although importantly (as will be seen below) the usage of the Byzantine style for Liverpool was felt to be unsuitable, Gothic being preferred.
The walls and ceilings of this tiny church are covered in some of the finest and most sophisticated fresco-paintings in Tigre, all of them in Byzantine style, and dating back to the 14th century.
For his part, Head of the Directorate of Antiquities and Museums' Expedition Mohammad al-Kayid said that mosaic panels at the shrine's dome date back to the Mamluk period in the 16th centaury AD, adding "These works were drawn by Damascene artists with Byzantine style.
The concert hall is set to fill a gap in the curve of redbrick structures, originally designed in the Byzantine style by Sir Aston Webb.
New Byzantine style nativity scenes will also be placed in four parts of the city," Mavrou said.
The curved range of Edwardian red brick buildings - which it is believed gave the generic term "redbrick" to civic universities - was designed in a Byzantine style by Sir Aston Webb, and is still known as the Aston Webb building.
For his part, Minister of Culture Riadh Naasan Agha said that Sinan was the best architect in the history of Arab, Turkish and Ottoman architecture, and that the exhibition is attribute to the architecture and Islamic art, noting that Sinan was heavily influenced by Islamic culture and architecture as well as Persian and Byzantine styles.