Byzantium

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Byzantium

(bīzăn`shēəm, –shəm, –tēəm), ancient city of Thrace, on the site of the present-day İstanbul, Turkey. Founded by Greeks from Megara in 667 B.C., it early rose to importance because of its position on the Bosporus. In the Peloponnesian War it was captured and recaptured by the contending forces. It was taken (A.D. 196) by Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. Constantine I ordered (A.D. 330) a new city built there; this was ConstantinopleConstantinople
, former capital of the Byzantine Empire and of the Ottoman Empire, since 1930 officially called İstanbul (for location and description, see İstanbul). It was founded (A.D.
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, later the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
References in periodicals archive ?
He wrote several books, including the one edited here on little-known Pope Alexander V, Byzantion, and the Synod in Basel (1431) (originally published in Athens in 1881).
The painting of the anastasis in the lower church of San Clemente: a re-examination of the evidence for the location of the tomb of St Cyril, Byzantion 51: 255-87.
The Byzantion, a sister vessel of the Bosporos delivered earlier this year, is operating under an identical charter.
See Marius Canard, "La prise d'Heraclee et les relations entre Harun ar-Rashid et I'emereur Nicephore ler," Byzantion 32 (1962): 345-79 (reprinted in idem, Byzance et les musulmans du Proche Orient [London: Varioru, 1973], chapter xviii): and, more recently, Michael Bonner, Aristocratic Violence and Holy War: Studies in the Jihad and the Arab-Byzantine Frontier (New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1996), 96-97.
See Vasiliki Limberis, Divine Heiress: The Virgin Mary and the Creation of Christian Constantinople (New York: Routledge, 1994); Cameron, "Theotokos"; eadem, "The Virgin's Robe: An Episode in the History of Early Seventh-Century Constantinople," Byzantion 49 (1979): 42-56; eadem, "Images of Authority," 22-23; Holum, Theodosian Empresses, 227-28.
TEN" or the "Company") today announced the delivery of the 37,340 dwt, 1B ice-class handysize product tanker Byzantion from Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, in South Korea.
Two of the publications of the present reviewer were not in print when Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests appeared: Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century and his article on the Ajnad/Theme system in Byzantion LXIV (1994).