Byzantium


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Byzantium

(bīzăn`shēəm, –shəm, –tēəm), ancient city of Thrace, on the site of the present-day İstanbul, Turkey. Founded by Greeks from Megara in 667 B.C., it early rose to importance because of its position on the Bosporus. In the Peloponnesian War it was captured and recaptured by the contending forces. It was taken (A.D. 196) by Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. Constantine I ordered (A.D. 330) a new city built there; this was ConstantinopleConstantinople
, former capital of the Byzantine Empire and of the Ottoman Empire, since 1930 officially called İstanbul (for location and description, see İstanbul). It was founded (A.D.
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, later the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
References in periodicals archive ?
The thirteenth-century Icelandic sagas that he discusses blended imagination and folk memories of earlier visits to Byzantium to present a picture of a distant and exotic land; can today's archaeologists do any better?
Orthodoxy in Byzantium, we are told, was no monolith, but a negotiation with arguments forcefully advanced and proof-texts drawn from the fathers employed as weapons through the later centuries.
They allow us to see the role played by Byzantium in the creation of the Russian state.
However, with each book he reads during his research in order to solve the puzzle and pass the test he was given by the Nomo organization, he becomes fully engaged in Byzantium as well as his personal relation to it.
After an early chase sequence features an unlikely but very effective plunge, the best scene is simply the outside of the Byzantium, a mysterious hotel with a deep-yellow illuminated sign and an old fashioned lattice lift.
9-22) gives a useful overview of Byzantine scholarship starting with Edward Gibbon, and going on to cover Byzantine Studies in Britain, the triumph of Byzantine Studies from the 1950s onward, and the contemporary approach to Byzantium.
NEPTUNE Investment Management Novices' Hurdle entrant Nagpur is one of only two foals registered from the 2006 crop of Listed winner Byzantium.
The Rome, Byzantium, and Nubia suite of galleries is just next door, so it's easy to see them all in one visit.
The imposing monument of famed Bulgarian medieval Tsar Samuil, the greatest defender of the first Bulgarian Empire against Byzantium, was erected in the Macedonian capital Skopje a week ago.
According the Protection of Underwater Cultural Department of Istanbul University and Istanbul archeological Museum scientists, they reached 36 sunken ship wreckages during the excavation in the Theodosius Harbor which had been built in Byzantium Era in the 4.
Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century, Volume II, Part 2: Economic, Social, and Cultural History.
Although Kaldellis often advances his arguments with a vehemence that some readers might find distracting, his overall aim is to challenge the conventional perception of the Parthenon as the preeminent symbol of a lost Classical culture by exposing long-neglected evidence for the Parthenon's continued existence as an important religious and pilgrimage center in the Middle Ages and Byzantium.