Decane

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decane

[′dē‚kān]
(organic chemistry)
C10H22 Any of several saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, especially CH3(CH2)8CH3.

Decane

 

(n -decane), a saturated hydrocarbon, CH3(CH2)8 CH3; a colorless liquid. It has a melting point of -29.67°C, a boiling point of 174.12°C, and a density of 0.7299 g/cm3 (20°C). Its refractive index is n D20 1.4119. Decane can be obtained from straight-run petroleum cuts by careful fractional distillation, and it can be obtained synthetically from CO and H2 along with other normal saturated hydrocarbons. Decane is a component of light diesel fuels.