ITU

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ITU

ITU

(International Telecommunication Union, Geneva, Switzerland, www.itu.ch) A telecommunications standards body that is under the auspices of the United Nations. Comprising more than 185 member countries, the ITU sets standards for global telecom networks. The ITU's Telecommunications division (ITU-T) produces more than 200 standards recommendations each year in the converging areas of telecommunications, information technology, consumer electronics, broadcasting and multimedia communications. In 1992, the ITU was streamlined into the following three sectors:

ITU-D (Telecommunication Development)
ITU-R (Radiocommunication)
ITU-T (Telecommunication Standardization)

A Lot of History: CCIT, CCIF, CCIR and CCITT
The International Telegraph Union was founded in 1865 to promote the electric telegraph, which was invented in 1837. During the next 55 years, the telegraph flourished, and telephone and radio were pioneered. In the 1920s, three "Consultative Committees" were created: CCIT in 1924 for International Telegraph; CCIF in 1925 for International Telephone, and CCIR in 1927 for International Radio. In 1932, the word Telegraph was changed to Telecommunication in the ITU name.

In 1956, CCIF and CCIT combined into CCITT (International Telephony and Telegraphy), which subsequenlty became ITU-T in 1992. CCIR and the International Frequency Registration Board (IFRB) were turned into ITU-R, and the Telecommunications Development Bureau became ITU-D.
References in periodicals archive ?
39) Combatant commanders may also use up to $5 million from the CCIF in any fiscal year "to provide military education and training (including transportation, translation, and administrative expenses) to military and related civilian personnel of foreign countries.
Section 166a), the CCIF (then known as the CINC Initiative Fund), provided funds for exercises and military education and training of foreign personnel, and for "humanitarian and civil assistance.
0 features new audio measurements based on industry standards, such as AES, SMPTE, DIN, ITU and CCIF.
166a), the CCIF (then known as the Commanders-in-Chief or CINC Initiative Fund), provided funds for exercises and military education and training of foreign personnel, and for "humanitarian and civil assistance.
Three FY2005-FY2007 supplemental appropriations bills provided $25 million each in CCIF funds for use in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom (i.
For FY2009, the Administration requested $100 million for the CCIF specifically to meet those needs.
the use of annually appropriated In its FY2009 DOD budget request, CERP funds for the CERP program the Administration requested $100 in Iraq and a similar program in million in the CCIF specifically Afghanistan, and for a similar to meet unanticipated program to assist the people of a humanitarian relief and developing country where United reconstruction needs.