Christian Democratic Union

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Christian Democratic Union

 

(CDU; Christlich-Demokratische Union), a major bourgeois political party in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The CDU was formed in 1950 from local organizations that had existed since 1945.

The party represents the interests of monopoly capital, and it draws support from various religious groups, particularly Catholic groups. The party membership includes mainly leading businessmen, high-ranking officials, well-to-do farmers, and craftsmen. It forms a united bloc in the Bundestag with the Christian Social Union, a Bavarian party. Christian Democrats headed the government of the FRG until 1969.

K. Adenauer, who served as chairman of the CDU from 1950 to 1966, long played a major role in the formulation of the party’s political course. The party sought to complete the division of Germany into two parts and to incorporate the FRG into the system of military and economic alliances of the Western powers. Proceeding on the basis of revanchistmilitarist aims, the CDU refused to normalize relations with the European socialist countries, to extend formal recognition to the German Democratic Republic (GDR), or to recognize the inviolability of European borders; it laid an unfounded claim to West Berlin and sought access for the FRG to nuclear weapons.

Since 1969 the CDU has been an opposition party and has constantly criticiżed the foreign and domestic policies of the government, which has been headed by the Social Democratic and Free Democratic parties. In particular, the CDU has opposed the FRG’s treaties with the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, as well as the treaty that established the basis for relations between the FRG and the GDR.

As of 1978, the CDU had 672,000 members. The party chairman is H. Kohl.

References in periodicals archive ?
Geographically, the unit was connected to the ED, but the CDU was staffed by a separate/distinct nursing staff and provider staff from the ED.
While studying, I became engaged in the German-Turkish Forum, which was established and initiated by the CDU in 1997.
The SPD was reluctant to enter into coalition talks with the CDU because the two parties were in a grand coalition from 2005 to 2009, which cost the SPD many votes.
Similarly, SPD leader Sigmar Gabriel said beginning the coalition negotiations makes sense, adding: "We believe that we can find a common basis with the CDU.
The CDU also includes information on ground forces.
The SPD will be looking to pursue higher taxes to fund education, stricter financial regulation and a minimum wage, which are policies the CDU may not be keen on implementing.
Indeed, family politics can today be seen as the remaining cornerstone of conservative ideology, while the distinctive economic projects of the SPD and the CDU have been hollowed out by their respective entanglements with neo-liberal theory.
Joshua's mum, Michelle, said: "Joshua has been involved with the child development unit since he fell ill and the support from all the different professionals - physiotherapy, occupational therapy, CDU play specialists, portage, the CDU administrator and Dr Uka, and previously Dr Clogher, has been priceless and we could not have done it without them.
A snap vote in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), Germany s most populous with 18 million people, handed her CDU party its worst ever result in the state, with just over 26 percent, according to preliminary results.
Merkel's CDU hold their annual congress from November 14-16 in Karlsruhe, which will be watched closely for signs of nervousness in party ranks.
The conservative CDU and CSU share power with the business-friendly Free Democrats, who also want to cut taxes.