CFA


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CFA

(Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986) Signed into law in 1986, the CFA was a significant step forward in criminalizing unauthorized access to computer systems and networks. The Act applies to "federal interest computers" that include any system used by the U.S. government as well as most financial institutions. It says that unauthorized penetration or other damage to such systems is a felony, as is trafficking in password or other access codes.

Violators are subject to fines of up to USD $250,000 per incident and up to 10 years in prison. Updates to the CFA passed in 1994 extended coverage to dissemination of viruses and worms. For more information, visit www.law.cornell.edu, and look up "Title 18, 1030." See also CompactFlash Association.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recent events have shown that the relevance of an internationally recognized designation as a barometer of good practice has never been clearer or stronger, with national governments and the global business community increasingly seeing the need for qualifications, such as the CFA Program, to provide a clear set of standards and principles for financial markets,' Mehta added.
Says Craig Wisen, CFA charterholder and assistant professor of business administration at UAF's School of Management, "We use a significant amount of CFA material in our courses, and have sent several students down to Anchorage to take Level 1.
This, therefore, in essence, is a major hindrance to any development of the CFA zone, given that instead of using their export revenues to develop their economies, the CFA countries stock the funds in Paris to buy back the CFA from the money market.
All four designations, including the CFA, hold designees to a strict code of ethics.
CFA Institute has more than 113,000 members in 140 countries and territories, including 102,000 CFA charterholders, and 136 member societies.
Putting Investors First Month, led by CFA Institute, the global association of investment professionals based in Charlottesville, VA, features a series of events and outreach throughout the month of May, hosted by hundreds of CFA Institute members and many of the organization's 143 member societies worldwide.
Khalil Nooruddin, President of CFA Bahrain, said: "I am honored to be elected as President of the CFA Bahrain Society and look forward to working with all my colleagues as we continue to manage and maintain the very high standards of professionalism we expect from Bahrain's investment community.
CFA Packaging Guidelines for Suppliers to the Chilled Food Industry:
Rather it continues as strong as ever, with his memory driving The CFA forward.
A Canadian taxpayer may generally elect to have the FAPI regime, rather than the FIE Rules, apply to a foreign affiliate (35) by electing for that affiliate to be treated as a CFA provided the taxpayer has a minimum 10-percent interest (by votes and value) in the affiliate.
4) The eight others who joined the CFA petition are: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP); The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP); the Bluewater Network, an environmental group; The Center for Injury Research and Policy at Columbus Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; The Danny Foundation for Crib & Child Product Safety; Kids in Danger; the National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses; and the U.
However, CFA says that substantial reductions in emissions are achievable through relatively minor changes in resin or gel coat formulation and refinements in application techniques.