CFA


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CFA

(Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986) Signed into law in 1986, the CFA was a significant step forward in criminalizing unauthorized access to computer systems and networks. The Act applies to "federal interest computers" that include any system used by the U.S. government as well as most financial institutions. It says that unauthorized penetration or other damage to such systems is a felony, as is trafficking in password or other access codes.

Violators are subject to fines of up to USD $250,000 per incident and up to 10 years in prison. Updates to the CFA passed in 1994 extended coverage to dissemination of viruses and worms. For more information, visit www.law.cornell.edu, and look up "Title 18, 1030." See also CompactFlash Association.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nicolaidou said she had sent a letter to the CFA head a day after the decision asking a series of questions and giving a deadline of two days to receive a response.
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is a key market for CFA Institute, with over 5200 members and charterholders and eight societies.
As investment management enters an era of new professionalism, CFA Institute is also strengthening its partnerships with firms worldwide who employ current and future CFA charter holders.
Hijazi appreciated the role of CFA Society and stressed on the need to invest in the highest standards of practice.
Yacoub Nuseibeh, our previous CFA Society President, for all his hard work.
Yang is a member of two CFA societies, CFA Society Hawaii and CFA Society Japan.
CFA (Wells Capital Management) ***Brad Ursillo, CFA; Weidong Li, CFA3 (Golden Capital Management)
On average, successful CFA candidates take four years to pass the three required exams.
The key CFA membership criterion is adherence to CFA's "Best Practice Guidelines for the Production of Chilled Foods" and other CFA guidelines together with successful independent audits (either BRC or IFS) and other corroboration of technical competence.
Now many African economists and intellectuals are increasingly questioning the validity and moral grounds of the CFA arrangements (see President Abdoulaye Wades remarks on the CFA on page 33, and Prof Mamadou Koulibalys interview on page 28).
The State of Alaska has long recognized the value of having CFA charterholders manage the state's investments.
The CFA remains a strong and focused organization with unique HIV/AIDS information, education, and advocacy roles both locally and nationally.