Charcas

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Charcas

(chär`käs), Spanish colonial audienciaaudiencia
, royal court of justice in Spain and the Spanish Empire, varying greatly in its form and function but having some administrative as well as judicial capacity. Use of the term also extended to the court's jurisdictional area.
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 and presidency in South America, known also as Upper Peru and Chuquisaca. Charcas roughly corresponded to modern Bolivia but included parts of present Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Paraguay, encompassing a territorial expanse that led to disputes and wars after independence had been won. It was established in 1559 and was attached to the viceroyalty of Peru until joined (1776) to the newly created viceroyalty of La Plata. The prosecutor of Charcas, José de Antequera y Castro, led (1721) the first major creole uprising against viceregal authority. The city of SucreSucre,
city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the
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 was sometimes called Charcas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ya en Pre-R-S la mayoria de los adultos anillados registrados se movieron hacia las Charcas Salineras Chel y Chojon, por lo que se encontraron mayormente asociados en areas cercanas a las de reproduccion (Fig.
Asimismo, el repartimiento de 1575 determino porcentajes diferenciados regionalmente de los contingentes mitayos: el 17% de los tributarios de los repartimientos de indios de la region de Charcas debia mitar anualmente, de la Paz el 16%, el 15% de los del Cusco y el 13% de los de Canas y Canches.
Mas tarde, las tareas se extenderian a la profilaxis de los enfermos paludicos de la campana anterior y a la lucha antilarvaria, especialmente a traves de la desecacion de charcas y de la distribucion de gambusias.
Igual que Muller en Brasil, Picado busco algunas especies bromelicolas en charcas terrestres estacionales de las mismas localidades de las bromeliaceas, sin hallar nada.
rufescens, especie protegida (condicion Pr) se detecto entre abril y septiembre, en las charcas y canales de marea en Map y B.
Esta vegetacion isoetida se ha encontrado en la parte central de charcas someras sobre sustratos pedregosos.
En agosto de 2006 (14-VIII) se coleccionaron muestras de materia organica flotante y de agua superficial costera en ambas charcas y se registro el pH.
10--Arroyo Azul-2 y charcas de desborde del arroyo: 27[grados]00' 46" S; 54[grados]57' 06" W
Valdeolea, prope Mataporquera, 30TVN04, charcas estacionales, 920 m, Aedo 1982, MA-Musci 1600.
The list is probably not complete, but what is important here is the fact that from other sources we know that the capital of Charcas was Paria, a place where soldiers of Charcas confederation met before they marched to Cuzco and further on toward north, in order to participate in the military campaigns on the northern frontiers of the Inka Empire (Ayavire y Velasco et al.