Chios

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Chios,

Greece: see KhíosKhíos
or Chios
, island (1991 pop. 51,060), c.350 sq mi (910 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea, just W of Asia Minor. It is mountainous and is famous for its scenic beauty and good climate. The highest point is Mt. Elias (c.4,160 ft/1,270 m).
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Chios

 

(also Khios), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor. Area, 830 sq km. Elevations on Chios range to 1,297 m. The island is composed primarily of limestones and shales. Chios has mediterranean shrub-type vegetation and groves of Aleppo pine. There are olive orchards, citrus fruit plantations, and vineyards. Goats are raised, and sardines and mackerel are caught. Antimony is mined at Melanios. The port of Chios is located on the island’s eastern coast.

Chios was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The island’s earliest inhabitants were Leleges and Carians. These tribes inhabited Chios until the early first millennium B.C., when they were driven out by the Ionians. In the eighth century B.C. the island became a polis, whose economy was based on trade and handicrafts. The city of Chios was the island’s capital. The island produced the best wine, mastic, marble, and figs in Greece. It was also the site of the earliest Greek slave market. Chios was a center of ancient literature and art; it is believed to be the birthplace of Homer.

In the second half of the first century A.D., Chios fell under Roman rule. Between the fourth and 13th centuries, the island was controlled by Byzantium. It was subsequently a Genoese possession. The Turks ruled Chios from 1566 until 1912, when the island became part of Greece.

In southern Chios, near the village of Pyrgi, is the sanctuary of Apollo Phanaios (established ninth century B.C.), which has a noteworthy temple (second half of the sixth century B.C.). Also of interest is the medieval fortress of the Byzantine monastery of Nea Moni (1042–56).


Chios

 

a city and port in Greece, on the island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Capital of the nome of Chios. Population, 24,100 (1971). Wine and fruits are exported.

Chios

1. an island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey: belongs to Greece. Capital: Chios. Pop.: 51 936 (2001). Area: 904 sq. km (353 sq. miles)
2. a port on the island of Chios: in ancient times, one of the 12 Ionian city-states. Pop.: 54 000 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The study was funded by the Chios Mastic Gum Growers Association
Just over 20 miles long and 12 miles at its widest, Chios shows two distinct faces.
Mastihashop is the official store and brand of the Chios Mastiha Growers Association, which is a cooperative of Mastiha growers who harvest this resin by hand in a centuries old process.
The Western Naval Command of the Indian Navy received inputs from its warships on Saturday that a Greek-flagged merchant ship MV Chios had experienced a concerted attack from pirates using high-speed skiffs about 100 nautical miles west off Kavaratti islands.
US Coast Guard Senior Petty Officer Carolyn Cihelka said nine survivors and one body had been picked up by a merchant ship called the Chios Dream about 180 miles southwest of Key West and 60 miles west of the west end of Cuba in the Gulf of Mexico.
Lailapas and KarE-yyaka came together on the Greek island of Chios for a friendly match for the first time since World War I on Dec.
T Gas Chios are carrying containers, diesel oil LPG are expected to take berths at QICT, Fotco and EVTL respectively on Thursday, while M.
The boy, from the island of Chios in the eastern Aegean, has been ordered to appear in court on October 13 for allegedly breaking nine traffic laws by falling off his bicycle during an annual race.
Greek coastal security teams captured terrorist militants in a speedboat carrying arms and explosives to Turkey from Chios Island in late July.
Limassol Municipality is a partner in an EU Interreg III project between the island of Chios and Cyprus.
ATyNA (CyHAN)- Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP-C) members who were arrested in Aegean Greece island of Chios were brought to Greek capital city of Athens by ferry.
Turkish jets were intercepted two times on Monday in south and southeast of Chios island.