Colmar

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Colmar,

Ger. Kolmar (both: kôlmär`), city (1990 pop. 64,889), capital of Haut-Rhin dept., E France, in Alsace. It is connected by rail and canal to Strasbourg, Mulhouse, and Basel, Switzerland. An industrial port on the Rhine, Colmar has metallurgical, textile, and tourist industries. It became a free city of the Holy Roman Empire in 1226, and Louis XIV made it the capital of AlsaceAlsace
, Ger. Elsass, region and former province, E France. It is separated from Germany by a part of the Rhine River. It comprises the departments of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin, and the Territory of Belfort (a department created after the Franco-Prussian War when the rest of
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 in 1673. The old section of Colmar retains its medieval architecture. St. Martin's Church (13th and 15th cent.) contains the Madonna of the Rose Arbor by Martin Schongauer, who lived in Colmar all his life. The Unterlinden Museum, in a convent dating from the 13th–14th cent., is outstanding; it contains the Isenheim altarpiece by Mathias Grünewald and numerous masterpieces of the Rhenish school of the 15th cent.

Colmar

 

a city in eastern France, in the eastern spurs of the Vosges, near the 111 River. Administrative center of the department of Haut-Rhin (Alsace). Population, 59,600 (1968). A transportation junction, it is linked by a branch canal with the Rhone-Rhine Canal. The city’s industries include textile manufacturing, the manufacturing of watches, and food enterprises.

Colmar

a city in NE France: annexed to Germany 1871--1919 and 1940--45; textile industry. Pop.: 65 136 (1999)