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see Communications Satellite CorporationCommunications Satellite Corporation
(Comsat), organization incorporated (1962) by an act of Congress to establish a commercial system of international communications using artificial satellites. Although government sponsored, it was financed by a public stock issue.
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; communications satellitecommunications satellite
artificial satellite that functions as part of a global radio-communications network. Echo 1, the first communications satellite, launched in 1960, was an instrumented inflatable sphere that passively reflected radio signals back to earth.
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(COMSAT General Corporation, Bethesda, MD) Formerly Communications Satellite Corporation, COMSAT was a private company that was created by the U.S. Congress in 1962 to provide satellite communications to major carriers and organizations. In 1965, it launched Early Bird, the first commercial satellite in geostationary orbit. COMSAT served as the U.S. signatory for INTELSAT and Inmarsat, and its primary business was providing communications over the INTELSAT system.

In 2000, COMSAT was acquired by Lockheed Martin Corporation and operated as a wholly owned subsidiary. At the end of 2004, governmental regulatory approval was obtained to transfer its ownership to Intelsat, Ltd., which bid to acquire COMSAT General and its existing fixed and mobile satellite system contracts from Lockheed Martin.

The Early Bird
COMSAT launched the Early Bird in 1965, the first commercial geostationary satellite. Before the end of the century, some 250 more would follow. (Image courtesy of COMSAT Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking on the occasion, the Minister for Science and Technology hailed the induction of Palestine as Member State of COMSATS.
satisfaction on his country's accession to COMSATS and admired the efforts made by the Executive Director COMSATS in this regard.
He noted that Palestine's accession to COMSATS has taken place just a
He informed that Palestine is committed to actively participate in the programmes and activities of COMSATS.
Earlier, the Executive Director COMSATS briefed the participating ambassadors and diplomats of Member States regarding the significance and objectives of COMSATS upcoming Ghana meetings.
The ceremony concluded on a note of optimism for further strengthening the existing cooperative ties between COMSATS and UNESCO.
In all, the Council will be deliberating on a 13-point agenda, including: report on COMSATS' activities in the period since the 16th Council meeting; discussion on Draft Statutes of COMSATS; reconstitution of COMSATS Technical Advisory Committee; formulation of COMSATS Panel of Experts on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy; and the Reports on COMSATS International Thematic Research Groups.
Mukhtar appreciated the scientific initiatives taken by the COMSATS Secretariat under his able leadership.
Qureshi noted that during the last five years, the COMSATS has organized 15 scientific capacity-building events in collaboration with the ISESCO that benefited scientists, researchers and policy makers belonging to 26 developing countries, based on an in-house survey.
He also thanked the Ministry of Science and Technology for its support to COMSATS and its programmes and projects.
The Medal awarded to COMSATS has given a boost to the already thriving working relations of the two organizations.