chronic

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chronic

Medicine (of a disease) developing slowly, or of long duration

chronic

[′krän·ik]
(medicine)
Long-continued; of long duration.
References in periodicals archive ?
The majority were male, Malays, ex-smokers with a mean duration of smoking of about 37 years, a mean duration of COPD of about 7 years with a patient mean age of 66.
One of the general beliefs and the biggest myth is that this disease only affects smokers, the reality is that one doesn't have to be a smoker to get COPD, which is also evident from the BREATHE study that in the MEA (Middle East, North Africa and Pakistan) region an estimated 25-45 percent of patients with COPD are non-smokers who have been exposed to smoke from biomass fuels.
The CLAIM study, published in Lancet Respiratory Medicine, demonstrated that treatment with dual bronchodilators provided significant improvement in cardiac and lung function in COPD patients with lung hyperinflation.
Primary care physicians are the key point of contact for most patients with COPD, (10) and play a critical role in diagnosis, drug and device selection, and long-term disease management of COPD and associated comorbidities.
According to the World Health Organization, COPD is currently the fourth leading cause of death worldwide and is projected to be the 3rd leading cause of death by 2020
That way, appropriate tests can be administered to diagnose COPD early, at the onset of symptoms, so that effective treatments for COPD can be initiated before irreversible damage to the lungs occurs.
Worldwide one in ten adults over the age of 40 years is suffering from COPD, he warns.
Now the seventh leading cause of death in the Philippines, COPD is projected to become the third leading cause of death in the world by 2020, next to heart disease and stroke.
sup][11] found that patients with COPD displayed an overexpression of the high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc?
4%) patients of moderate, 13 (13%) patients of severe and 9 (20%) patients of very severe COPD.
In the early stages of COPD, patients may only exhibit shortness of breath with exertion, such as when exercising or walking up stairs, and they may mistakenly attribute this to getting older or being 'out of shape.
2 The updated version of 2011 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) proposed crucial changes to the stratification of COPD patients.