CUPS


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Related to CUPS: Menstrual cups

CUPS

(Common UNIX Printing System) The printing system for Unix computers. Designed by Michael Sweet in the late 1990s, CUPS is the de facto standard for Linux and Unix machines as well as the built-in printing system in the Macintosh as of Mac OS X Version 10.2. Prior to CUPS, LPR/LPD, LP print spooler and LPRng were used in conjunction with the appropriate printer drivers. Apple used Tioga and the Apple Print Manager. See printing system.

To PostScript or PDF
For PostScript printers, CUPS converts all input to PostScript, which is fed to the printer. For non-PostScript printers, CUPS converts input to PostScript first, or to PDF if running in the Mac. Using Ghostscript, the PostScript is converted to the CUPS raster format (the Mac uses CoreGraphics to convert PDF to CUPS raster), and the CUPS raster is converted to the printer's language (PCL, ESC/P, etc.).

CUPS also supports host-based printing, in which all control is provided by the CPU (see host-based printing).

For network printing, CUPS supports the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), LPR/LPD and TCP port 9100 (AppSocket). See LPR/LPD and IPP.
References in classic literature ?
Very well," said Hallward, and he went over and laid down his cup on the tray.
Having once yielded, he was easily persuaded to take a second cup, and a third, and so on till he no longer knew what he was doing.
While the song was at its height, Little John reappeared, with other servants, and refilled the cups.
Servez-vous mon garcon," said he blandly, when I had put a couple of huge lumps of continental sugar into his cup.
We should take the cups down with us: but what about the tea?
There were several of these revolving bookcases standing here and there about the library; on one of them stood the two cups of coffee, and on another a large open book.
Just as he was going to lie down, the eldest of the princesses brought him a cup of wine; but the soldier threw it all away secretly, taking care not to drink a drop.
Then they and the priestesses formed in two lines, with their little golden cups in readiness to capture a share of the victim's lifeblood after the sacrificial knife had accomplished its work.
the stealing of this same cup, for the Vintner's boy follows
One, two, three, four, five--but where, then, is the cup of Mr.
And he himself brought her the golden-brown bouillon, in a dainty Sevres cup, with a flaky cracker or two on the saucer.
It appeared to contain medical preparations, one of which he mingled with a cup of water.