Étienne Cabet

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Étienne Cabet
Birthday
BirthplaceDijon, Côte-d'Or
Died
Occupation
philosopher
Known for founder of the Icarian movement

Cabet, Étienne

 

Born Jan. 1, 1788, in Dijon; died Nov. 8, 1856, in St. Louis, USA. French publicist, writer, lawyer, utopian communist.

Cabet, the son of an artisan, was a participant in the Carbonari movement and the Revolution of 1830. As a historian of revolution, he wrote the Popular History of the French Revolution 1789-1830 (vols. 1-4, 1839-40). In 1833 he became the publisher of the journal Le Populaire. Because of repression he emigrated to Belgium. In 1834, Cabet went to live in Great Britain, where he became acquainted with R. Owen. In 1940 he wrote the book How I Became a Communist and the novel Voyage to Icaria (Russian translation, vols. 1-2, 1935). In the novel, Cabet depicted communism as an association founded on social equality, brotherhood, unity, and democracy in accordance with the principles of reason and the demands of nature.

Cabet’s Utopia had petit bourgeois features, such as the equalization of consumption, the preservation of privately owned agricultural enterprises, and the preservation under communism of a pantheistic kind of religion. He believed that communism could be achieved through persuasion and peaceful reforms. As a whole his Utopia has much in common with the views of 18th-century Utopian communists. In comparison with the teachings of the most important socialist thinkers of the first half of the 19th century, Cabet’s Utopia represented a step backward. However, because of the undeveloped class consciousness of the proletariat at that time, his Icarian Communism was widely accepted by French artisans and workers. K. Marx characterized him as being France’s “most popular, although the most superficial, representative of communism”(K. Marx and F. En-gels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 146). In 1843, Cabet began publishing The Icarian Almanac… With the assistance of R. Owen in 1848 he obtained a plot of land in Texas and organized a colony of Icarians there. Dissension among the members led to a crisis, which resulted in the exclusion of Cabet from the colony. In 1856, shortly before his death, he founded another community.

REFERENCES

Lux, H. E. Kabe i ikariiskii kommunizm. St. Petersburg, 1906. (Translated from German.)
Hepner, A. Ikariitsy o Severnoi Amerike. St. Petersburg, 1906. (Translated from German.)
Volgin, V. P. Frantsuzskii utopicheskii kommunizm. Moscow, 1960. Pages 207-38.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Bonnaud, F. Cabet et son oeuvre. Paris, 1900.
Prudhommeaux, J. Icarie et son fondateur, E. Cabet. Paris, 1907.
Angrand, P. E. Cabet et la République de 1848. Paris, 1948.
Cretinon, J. F., and F. M. Lacour. Voyage en Icarie. … Paris, 1952.

I. I. ZIL’BERFARB

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El pensaba, como Owen, Fourier, Cabet, Proudhon, y, con posterioridad Le Corbusier, que la ciencia y la tecnologia podrian resolver los problemas de la sociedad y que con ellas se podia impulsar un urbanismo progresista.
Poyen (Brownson's friend); Emerson, Alcott, Parker, Fourier, Proudhon, Charles Newcomb, Garrison, Mazzini, Cabet and Frances (Fanny) Wright appear under transparent masks (cf.
El repaso por el socialismo utopico se detiene tambien en el autor Etienne Cabet quien, a diferencia de Fourier, incidio en el igualitarismo como forma de garantizar la sociedad socialista, pues entendia la desigualdad como el origen de todos los vicios y desgracias sociales.
In that article, Karl Marx announced that he was not in favor of 'raising a dogmatic banner'--such as the 'actually existing communism as taught by Cabet, Dezamy, Weitling, etc.
Of course we can find some noteworthy exceptions to this model, such as William Morris' News from Nowhere, in which the ideal is not an advance in science and technology, but a romantic return to a bucolic way of life, or the asceticism of Etienne Cabet in his Icaria.
Jennings centers his sweeping tale around the giants of the time: Ann Lee and the Shakers, Robert Owen and New Harmony, Charles Fourier and the Fourierist Phalanxes, Etienne Cabet and Icaria, and John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community.
Thus, charged by Viridor with a household arrangement that "borders on Communism," Darian responds by rejecting "the schemes of Cabet, Louis Blanc, Considerant, and all other followers of Fourier, St.
The Icarians were a typical utopian socialist commune founded in 1848 by the French refugee Etienne Cabet.
Through the consolidation of the boarding in the Cabet building and enhancing its accessibility,
Los socialistas utopicos--Robert Owen, William Morris, James Silk Buckingham, Etienne Cabet, Louis Blanc, Victor Considerant, Andre Godin, Charles Fourier, Saint-Simon, entre otros--, propugnaban el abandono de la metropolis, y la formacion de pequenas comunidades caracterizadas por el equilibrio de la vida social "armonica", mas relacionadas con las actividades agricolas que con las industriales; o tambien intentando establecer un dialogo entre ambas.
As utopias urbanisticas de conteudo social igualitarias do seculo XIX tambem abordaram o tema da natureza, sendo estimulado o conceito de cidade-campo dos modelos comunais utopicos, como foi o caso das propostas de Owen (1771-1858), em que os espacos verdes seriam concebidos a partir do isolamento das industrias em cidades voltadas as questoes sanitarias; as de Fourier (1772-1837), que preconizava prototipos das edificacoes comunitarias, que sao as falanges, dispostas em aneis concentricos, separados por relva ou plantacoes; e Cabet (1788-1856), cuja cidade foi elaborada com a presenca abundante de vazios e do verde voltados a higiene e a salubridade.
Tanto quienes escriben desde planteamientos puramente politicos (Moro, Campanella, Bacon, Cabet .