Cabral, Amilcar

Cabral, Amilcar

(amēl`kär kəbräl), 1924–73, revolutionary leader of Guinea-Bissau. Returning from Angolan exile (1956), he founded Guinea-Bissau's nationalist movement (PAIGC). By 1959, Portuguese repression prompted Cabral to adopt guerrilla tactics. By 1973 when he was assassinated, the PAIGC controlled half of Portuguese Guinea. When Guinea-Bissau became independent (1974), Cabral's brother, Luis, became president (1974–80).

Cabral, Amilcar

 

(pseudonym, Abel Djassi). Born Sept. 12, 1924, in Guinea (Bissau); died Jan. 20, 1973, in Conakry. Leader in the national liberation movement of Guinea (Bissau) and the Cape Verde Islands.

Cabral graduated from a lycée in Sāo Vicente (Cape Verde Islands) and an agronomy institute in Lisbon. He was one of the founders (1956) and general secretary of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands, which since January 1963 has led the armed struggle against the Portuguese colonialists. He wrote many works on the national liberation movement. An honorary doctor of the African Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1971), he was active in the movement for solidarity among the countries of Asia and Africa. He was treacherously murdered by agents of the colonialists.

WORKS

Djassi, Abel. The Facts About Portugal’s African Colonies. London, 1960.
Cabral, A. Revolution in Guinea. London, 1969.
Sur la Situation de notre lutte armée de libération nationale. [No place] 1970.
Guinée “portugaise”: Le Pouvoir des armes. Paris, 1970.
Rapport bref sur la situation de la lutte. [No place] 1971.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Cabral, Amilcar, Unity and Struggle: Speeches and Writings of Amilcar Cabral (New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1979).
Luis Cabral, Amilcar Cabral's half-brother, became President of Guinea-Bissau.