Cachexia


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cachexia

[ka′kek·sē·ə]
(medicine)
Weight loss, weakness, and wasting of the body encountered in certain diseases or in terminal illnesses.

Cachexia

 

a state of profound wasting and physical debility manifested by severe emaciation, weight loss, dry and flabby skin, loss of hair, disappearance of subcutaneous fat, atrophy of muscles and viscera, and low serum protein level. Edema, hemorrhages, and sometimes mental derangement can occur with cachexia. It results from prolonged malnutrition or starvation, severe metabolic disorders, chronic arsenic, lead, mercury, or fluorine poisoning, and severe lesions of the digestive tract (atrophy of the intestinal mucosa, condition after resection of the stomach and intestines). Cachexia may occur in severe cases of tuberculosis or other chronic infections, some lesions of the endocrine glands, (hypophysis, thyroid, adrenals, pancreas), large slow-healing wounds, abscesses, and malignant tumors (especially of the esophagus and stomach).

References in periodicals archive ?
We are encouraged by results of this Phase II trial in patients with cancer cachexia, where Ostarine showed significant improvements in lean body mass in both treatment cohorts," said Mitchell S.
The results generated by the proposed experiments will set the basis for future trials in this and other wasting conditions that also are very prevalent including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), renal failure or chronic heart failure (CHF)-induced cachexia.
Cancer cachexia is a wasting syndrome characterized by loss of muscle and fat, and occurs in the majority of patients with advanced, refractory malignancies.
They are motivated by the fact that no cachexia therapeutic currently exists.
Even though medicine has no definitive cachexia treatment, health-care professionals can acknowledge patient and family concerns.
Clinicopathologic findings in budgerigars that died with cachexia, hepatomegaly, and-or splenomegaly during a 26-day period after introduction of a new group of budgerigars to the flock.
The fatigue and weakness of cachexia have been attributed to skeletal muscle wasting.
Date Clinical symptoms 1 2004 Dec Pneumonia 2 2005 Mar Pneumonia 3 2005 Mar Pneumonia 4 2005 Mar Pneumonia 5 2005 May Cachexia, alopecia 6 2005 Aug Cachexia, pneumonia 7 2005 Aug Diarrhea, pneumonia 8 2005 Sep Pneumonia, predation 9 2005 Sep Predation 10 2005 Oct Cachexia 11 2005 Oct Trauma 12 2005 Oct Cachexia, alopecia 13 2005 Dec Cachexia, diarrhea 14 2006 Feb Cachexia, alopecia 15 2006 Feb Cachexia, alopecia 16 2006 Apr Cachexia, alopecia 17 2006 Apr Cachexia 18 2006 Apr Cachexia, alopecia 19 2006 May Cachexia, alopecia, pneumonia 20 2006 Jun Cachexia, alopecia, pneumonia 21 2006 Aug Cachexia, alopecia, pneumonia 22 2006 Aug Cachexia, alopecia, pneumonia 23 2007 Dec Cachexia, pneumonia Chamois ELISA result RT-PCR result no.
The effects of [omega]-3 PUFAs on tumourigenesis and cachexia are viewed in the context of altered lipid and protein metabolism.
Both work from Durham's University Hospital, part of the County Durham and Darlington NHS Foundation Trust, and are preparing to officially launch their project by sending out a research and information pack on cachexia to other professionals working with cancer patients.
Inexpensive effective treatments are available for most of the causes of secondary cachexia, but they are frequently underused," the researchers wrote in their poster.