Both Red-rumped Caciques and Giant Cowbirds are sexually dimorphic in size, iris color, and plumage brightness (Jaramillo and Burke 1999, pers.
Red-rumped Caciques breed in Misiones Province and northeastern Corrientes Province within Argentina.
Only female caciques built nests, incubated eggs, and fed young.
Caciques reacted to visiting cowbirds with loud anal rasping alarm calls, but the volume of colony noise was lower than in the presence of raptors or other nest predators.
and cemi idols is masterful in bringing together archaeology, linguistics, contemporary and historical ethnography, dose readings of the accounts of early European observers, and myths--both recorded at the time by Friars such as Ramon Pane and others, and drawn from the broader corpus of South American texts.
12) Ao longo do periodo colonial, caciques e principais acataram, em grande parte, os costumes hispanicos: construiram casas aos moldes espanhois e adotaram camas, comodas, mesas e cadeiras.
No mesmo periodo, porem, o soberano intensificou a distribuicao de terras novas e destituiu caciques antigos com privilegios de raiz pre-hispanica.
15) De fato, a estreita convivencia entre caciques e conquistadores viabilizou a rapida aceitacao dos costumes e usos da nobreza castelhana.
Contando com glebas, os caciques ainda dispunham de isencoes tributarias, da posse de armas e cavalgaduras.
Of Herckmans' attempt to enlist the natives' assistance, it notes: "This all pleased them well enough, yet as soon as they [the Dutch] began to say that they had come to barter for gold (which was the only motive of the West India Company) their caciques or chieftains began to excuse themselves, [saying] that for many years they neither had had nor had sought any gold.
However enthusiastic they might have been about the deal, the caciques pleaded ignorance when asked actually to sign an alliance - though European writing, in theory, would not have meant all that much to them.
To emphasize the solemnity of his offer, Herckmans issued each cacique an authorized letter from His Majesty, the prince of Orange.