Cádiz

(redirected from Cadiz)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Cádiz

(kä`dēth), city (1990 pop. 156,903), capital of Cádiz prov., SW Spain, in Andalusia, on the Bay of Cádiz. Picturesquely situated on a promontory (joined to the Isla de León, just off the mainland), it is today chiefly a port exporting wines and other agricultural items and importing coal, iron, and foodstuffs. Shipbuilding and fishing are other industries. There is a Spanish naval base in Cádiz and a U.S. naval base at nearby Rota.

The Phoenicians founded (c.1100 B.C.) on the site the port of Gadir, which became a market for tin and the silver of Tarshish. It was taken (c.500 B.C.) by the Carthaginians and passed late in the 3d cent. B.C. to the Romans, who called it Gades. It flourished until the fall of Rome, but suffered from the barbarian invasions and declined further under the Moors. After its reconquest (1262) by Alfonso X of Castile, its fortifications were rebuilt.

The discovery of America revived its prosperity, as many ships from America unloaded their cargoes there. Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second voyage (1495). In 1587, Sir Francis Drake burned a Spanish fleet in its harbor, and in 1596 the earl of Essex attacked and partly destroyed the city. But it continued to flourish and in 1718, after Seville's port had become partially blocked by a sandbar, Cádiz became the official center for New World trade. After Spain lost its American colonies, the city declined. During the siege by the French—which Cádiz resisted for two years (1810–12) until relieved by Wellington—the Cortes assembled in the city and issued the famous liberal constitution for Spain (Mar., 1812). Cádiz fell to the Nationalists almost immediately in the Spanish Civil War.

In 1980 Phoenician sarcophagi were discovered at two different sites, supporting the theory that the city is of Phoenician origin. One of the oldest and best-preserved Roman theaters was discovered in Cádiz in 1980. The clean, white city has palm-lined promenades and parks. Its 13th-century cathedral, originally Gothic, was rebuilt in Renaissance style; the new cathedral was begun in 1722. Cádiz has several museums and an art gallery with works by Murillo, Alonso Cano, and Zurbarán. In the church of the former Capuchin convent hangs the Marriage of St. Catherine by Murillo, who was at work on this painting when he fell from a scaffold to his death.

Cádiz

 

a city and an important port in southwestern Spain, in Andalusia, on the coast of the Bay of Cádiz of the Atlantic Ocean. Capital of Cádiz Province. Population, 137, 900 (1969).

Cádiz is a major transportation junction and industrial center in the south of the country. It handles more than 1 million tons of freight annually. Its principal industries are aviation and shipbuilding; large shipyards are located in the environs of the city. There are fish-canning, tobacco, textile, and other industrial enterprises. Cádiz is a military naval base.

In antiquity the city was known as Gades. It was founded by the Phoenicians in about 800 B.C. or, according to some data, in 1100 B.C. Circa 500 B.C., Cádiz fell under the rule of Carthage. In 206 B.C. it was seized by the Romans; in 49 B.C. it became a Roman municipium. In the fifth century Cádiz was seized by the Visigoths, and in the eighth century it was captured by the Arabs, from whom it was conquered in 1262 by the king of Castile, Alfonso X. During the Spanish revolution of 1808-14, Cádiz was the provisional residence of the central junta and of the Cortes. A rebellion of the troops and ship crews in Cádiz served as the start of revolutions in 1820 and 1868.

Cádiz basically has a regular city plan. Among the noteworthy sights are the 17th-century fortress walls, the Old Cathedral of Santa Cruz (13th century, reconstructed in the 17th century), the Church of Santa Cueva (end of the 18th century, architect Benjumeda; paintings by F. Goya, 1793-95), and numerous 18th- and 19th-century buildings done in the style of classicism.There is a provincial museum in Cádiz.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those reflected in the Company's forward-looking statements include the Company's ability to maximize value for Cadiz land and water resources, the Company's ability to obtain new financing as needed, the receipt of additional permits for the water project and other factors and considerations detailed in the Company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
Commenting on the outlook for the Cadiz Stable Fund, portfolio manager and chief investment officer, Francois van Wyk said; 'With inflation having peaked and the monetary policy stance being accommodative, the Fund is well placed to achieve its investment objectives over the next year.
Away from the whitewash houses of Cadiz, it is worth exploring Gibraltar.
It had serious consequences, with Almeria going down to 10 men and Cadiz scoring from the spot.
Letters from the Med covers the cruises of the Treleavens in Cadiz to 11 countries and is one of the best-presented books I have read about cruising in the Mediterranean.
If Betis get anywhere near the standard they reached in the Seville derby they will look a huge price at 19-10 with Bet365 to triumph over Cadiz.
The student, who was in his third year at Newcastle University and had been on an exchange programme at Cadiz University, was out celebrating the start of the port city's pre-lent carnival when the accident happened.
The 23-year-old, who was studying at Newcastle University, was on an exchange programme at Cadiz University.
The 25-year-old will not play against Cadiz but will travel with team as part of coach Wanderly Luxemburgo's plans for his gradual introduction after his 16-month injury layoff.
If Ibiza is the capital of dance and rave music, Cadiz is the capital of clacking castanets and electrifying flamenco dancing, singing and clapping.
The board of the Metropolitan Water District (MWD) of Southern California voted in October to scrap the $150 million project proposed by Cadiz Inc.
The Eastern Mojave desert Nelson bighorn sheep population is seriously threatened if the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California and Santa Monica-based Cadiz Inc.