Cadoudal, Georges

Cadoudal, Georges

(zhôrzh kädo͞odäl`), 1771–1804, French royalist conspirator. A commander of the ChouansChouans
[Norman Fr.,=owls], peasants of W France who rose against the French Revolutionary government in 1793. One of their first leaders was Jean Cottereau, traditionally nicknamed Jean Chouan, marquis de La Rouerie [John the owl, marquess of Mischief], and the Chouans
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, he led the counterrevolutionists in the VendéeVendée
, department (1990 pop. 509,356), W France, on the Bay of Biscay, in Poitou. The offshore islands of Noirmoutier and Yeu are included in the department. Largely an agricultural (dairying, cattle raising) and forested region, the Vendée has many beach resorts
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. He fled to England in 1801 after the failure of an attempted assassination of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1803 he returned as the leader of another conspiracy against Napoleon. Generals Charles PichegruPichegru, Charles
, 1761–1804, French general in the French Revolutionary Wars. Successful on the Rhine front (1793), he invaded (1794) the Netherlands, entered (1795) Amsterdam and captured the Dutch fleet, which had frozen in the ice.
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 and Jean Victor MoreauMoreau, Jean Victor
, 1763–1813, French general in the French Revolutionary Wars. Despite his successes on the Rhine and in Germany (1796–97), he was dismissed for withholding compromising information about General Pichegru after the coup of 18 Fructidor (1797); he
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 were implicated in the plot. Insurrections were planned in Paris and in the provinces, but the conspiracy was uncovered by Joseph FouchéFouché, Joseph
, b. 1759 or 1763, d. 1820, French revolutionary and minister of police. A teacher in the schools of the Oratorian order, he joined the French Revolution and was elected to the Convention (1792).
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, the minister of police, and Cadoudal was executed. The conspiracy, exaggerated in report, was used as a pretext to transform the ConsulateConsulate,
1799–1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), which ended the Directory. Three consuls were appointed to rule France—Napoleon Bonaparte (see Napoleon I), Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès,
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 into Napoleon's empire.

Cadoudal, Georges

 

Born Jan. 1, 1771, in Kerléano; died June 25, 1804, in Paris. A leader of counterrevolutionary royalist uprisings during the Great French Revolution. Son of a peasant.

In 1793 Cadoudal took part in the counterrevolutionary revolt in the Vendée and after its suppression became the leader of the Chouans, a counterrevolutionary movement in northwestern France. In June 1794 he was arrested by the Jacobin government but was freed after the Thermidorian coup of that year. From 1797 to 1803, with some interruptions, he was an émigré in Great Britain. In December 1800 and August 1803 he organized attempts to assassinate Napoleon Bonaparte. On Mar. 9, 1804, he was arrested in Paris, tried, and executed.

REFERENCES

Lenotre, G. G Cadoudal Paris, 1929.
Lachouque, H., and J. Arnna. Cadoudal et les chouans. Paris, 1951.
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