brazilwood

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Related to Caesalpinia echinata: Guilandina echinata, Pau-brasil

brazilwood,

common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) whose wood yields a red dye. The dye has largely been replaced by synthetic dyes for fabrics, but it is still used in high-quality red inks. The bright red wood, which takes a high polish, is used in cabinetwork and for making violin bows. The East Indian redwood, or sapanwood (Caesalpinia sappan), was called "bresel wood" when it was first imported to Europe in the Middle Ages; Portuguese explorers used this name for a similar South American tree (C. echinata), from which the name Brazil for its native country purportedly derives. The latter species has been severely depleted in its native range, and international trade in the raw wood is now regulated. Brazilwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
References in periodicals archive ?
The stigmatic surface is composed of unicellular simple short trichomes in Hymenaea courbaril (Figs, 1b and 4b); papillose cells in Bauhinia curvula (Figs, 1a and 4a), Caesalpinia echinata (Fig.
In most species the cells of the stigma are exposed at anthesis, except in Caesalpinia echinata (Fig.
2010) or Caesalpinia echinata Lam under up to 80% shade analysed at 12, 18 and 24 months after germination (Aguiar et al.
Diversidade e estrutura genetica em populacoes de Caesalpinia echinata (Lam.
2007) trabalhando com sementes Caesalpinia echinata Lam, verificaram elevada qualidade fisiologica na pre-dispersao, num intervalo de sete dias antes do ponto de maturidade fisiologica, entre a oitava e a nona semana apos a antese, quando os frutos estao na fase de transicao de coloracao; passando de verde para castanho na epoca da colheita.