Cairo geniza

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Cairo geniza

(kō`rō gən`ēzə), archive of ancient Jewish manuscripts found in the synagogue of Fostat-Cairo, Egypt (built 882). In the 1890s western scholars visited the synagogue and removed the materials to the Bodleian Library at the Univ. of Oxford, the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, and other major repositories. The materials are an extremely important resource for the study of biblical writings and translations, ancient Jewish liturgies, communal records, and the relations between Jews and Arabs in medieval Islamic society.
References in periodicals archive ?
After a Hebrew version of the editors' introduction, volume two provides eight photographic plates illustrating representative leaves from the primary Judaeo-Arabic and Hebrew witnesses, an eclectic Judaeo-Arabic edition of the "Disputation" with valuable variants from the Cairo Genizah sometimes presented synoptically or (more often) recorded in the notes, and three separate transcriptions with critical annotation for the three identifiably different Hebrew recensions of "Nestor.
It has been known since 1897 from the copy discovered in the Cairo Genizah (CD), as well as from ten fragmentary Qumran texts ([4QD.
The numerous studies of the past four decades dealing with various targumic manuscripts from the Cairo Genizah have had a considerable impact on sundry targumic texts.
It is closer in language and text to the Cairo Genizah fragments of Palestinian Targum (published by P.
But 40 years ago, the great 20th-century Jewish historian She-lomo Dov Goitein had already published his five-volumeA Mediterranean Society, a fashion, business and food-filled gala of medieval Jews based on the repository of documents in the Cairo Genizah.
leading scholars in the field offer new explanations for the evolution of: the meaning of 'sin,' repeated words/phrases in the Cairo Genizah parallel to the Qumran text, shifts in word order, and other linguistic innovations.
The documents were part of the Cairo Genizah collection found in the "sacred storeroom" of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Egypt's capital and brought back to the UK in 1896.
This advance has been significantly fostered by the discovery of new manuscript material; including the Cairo Genizah and the St.
Practical materia medica of the medieval eastern Mediterranean according to the Cairo Genizah.
Isaac from the Cairo Genizah, whom Golb also shows to have been from Rouen, describes the persecution of Norman Jews of substance by Duke Robert II.
The second strand of the story, circa 1896, tracks the fictionalized adventures of Solomon Schechter, a Cambridge University professor, as he explores the Cairo Genizah, the medieval archive he discovers buried in a Cairo synagogue.
The 14 papers that made it to publication here discuss such topics as the revision of Babylonian anti-witchcraft incantations as seen in the ceremonial series Maqlu, scribal practices in the production of magic handbooks in Egypt, two Apolline oracles on magic, two case studies of magic and medicine in the Roman imperial period, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic bowls as a case of the transmission and transformation of spells, and a dream inquiry text from the Cairo Genizah.
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