Cairo geniza


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Cairo geniza

(kō`rō gən`ēzə), archive of ancient Jewish manuscripts found in the synagogue of Fostat-Cairo, Egypt (built 882). In the 1890s western scholars visited the synagogue and removed the materials to the Bodleian Library at the Univ. of Oxford, the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, and other major repositories. The materials are an extremely important resource for the study of biblical writings and translations, ancient Jewish liturgies, communal records, and the relations between Jews and Arabs in medieval Islamic society.
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Among specific topics are the anatomy of non-biblical scrolls from the Cairo Geniza, the history of editing pre-modern Yiddish manuscript texts, Johannes Reuchlin's collection of Hebrew books: its afterlife and influence, building a bridge from the Dead Sea Scrolls to Medieval Hebrew manuscripts, and pictorial messages in Medieval illuminated Hebrew books: some methodological considerations.
It was named after Rabbi Hayyim (Abu Fadil) bin Hananel bin Abraham El-Imshati, who dedicated an ancient inscription of Torah scroll, which Jewish pilgrims had flocked on the new moon of Iyyar month, said historians Shelomo Dov Goitein and Mordechai Friedman in their book India Traders of the Middle Ages: Documents from Cairo Geniza that published in 2008.
Some of the biggest names from Israel, Europe, and the United States, the creme de la creme in the field of Judaeo-Arabic studies and its most treasured resource, the Cairo Geniza, have come together to salute Golb and recognize his contributions.
Drawing on the extensive records of the Cairo Geniza, Lassner is very strong on Jewish relations with, and attitudes towards, Islamic hegemony.
The Cairo Geniza, discovered in the late 1800s, featured everything from liturgical texts to shipping orders.
It was also the site of the remarkable 19th-century discovery of the Cairo Geniza, an invaluable cache of texts considered to be the most important source for understanding daily religious, communal and intellectual life around the Mediterranean during the medieval period.
Contemporary evaluation of his secular poetry and recovery of his later correspondence from the Cairo Geniza have enabled a fuller understanding of the poet and his work.
The most complete copies of the Damascus Document come from the Cairo Geniza which dates from medieval times, suggesting that some Jewish group(s) must have preserved and used this text in later times.
Goitein, A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza, vol.
A supercomputer on the campus of Tel Aviv University is set to revolutionize research on one of the world's most important repositories of ancient documents--the Cairo Geniza, which came to light 117 years ago behind the wall of an ancient synagogue.
Two other unifying factors recur throughout: data from the Cairo Geniza, and the pervasive influence of historian S.
Sacred Trash: The Lost and Found World of the Cairo Geniza, by Adina Hoffman and Peter Cole.

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