Cairoli, Benedetto

Cairoli, Benedetto

(bānādĕt`tō kīrô`lē), 1825–89, Italian patriot and premier. One of five brothers all noted as heroes of the Risorgimento, he was the only brother to survive the wars leading to Italian unification. Benedetto took part in the expedition of Giuseppe GaribaldiGaribaldi, Giuseppe
, 1807–82, Italian patriot and soldier, a leading figure in the Risorgimento. He remains perhaps the most popular of all Italian heroes of the Risorgimento, and a great revolutionary hero in the Western world.
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 to Sicily in 1860 and later became a leftist member of parliament, advocating, with Giuseppe MazziniMazzini, Giuseppe
, 1805–72, Italian patriot and revolutionist, an outstanding figure of the Risorgimento. His youth was spent in literary and philosophical studies. He early joined the Carbonari, was imprisoned briefly, and went into exile.
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, the occupation of Rome. Premier in 1878 and from 1879 to 1881, he resigned his office after failing to prevent the establishment of a French protectorate over TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,075,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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, which was a blow to Italian colonial policy.

Cairoli, Benedetto

 

Born Jan. 18, 1825, in Pavia; died Aug. 8, 1889, in Capodimonte, near Naples. Italian liberal politician and statesman.

With his four brothers, Cairoli was part of the national liberation movement during the 1840’s through the 1860’s. He helped organize Garibaldi’s expedition of the Thousand and commanded its 7th Company. After the unification of Italy, Cairoli headed a faction of the leftist liberal group of industrial and trade circles. In 1878 and from 1879 to 1881 he was the prime minister.

Cairoli’s government assisted the development of capitalism in Italy and encouraged the spirit of bourgeois enterprise. It supported the movement for the return to Italy of the Southern Tirol and other regions that remained in Austrian hands. Cairoli pursued a policy of nonparticipation in any alliances, hoping to take advantage of the disagreements among European powers. France’s seizure in 1881 ofTunis, to which Italy also had pretensions, marked the failure of Cairoli’s foreign policy and led to his resignation.

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