Cajamarca


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Cajamarca

(kähämär`kä), city (1993 pop. 123,195), capital of Cajamarca prov., N Peru. An important commercial center, Cajamarca is situated at an altitude of c.9,000 ft (2,740 m) and has a cool, dry climate. Most of the population is indigenous. Grains and alfalfa as well as dairy cattle are raised in the region, and gold, silver, and copper come from nearby mines. Textiles, headwear, and leather products are manufactured. Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 captured the Inca ruler AtahualpaAtahualpa
, d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half-brother, the legitimate heir Huáscar, inherited the rest of the Inca empire.
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 in 1532 at Cajamarca. Inca ruins and nearby thermal springs attract many tourists. National Technical Univ. is located in Cajamarca.

Cajamarca

 

a city in northern Peru. Population, approximately 40, 000. Located on the slopes of the Cordillera Occidental mountain range, at an elevation of more than 2, 800 m.

Cajamarca is a highway junction and the trading center of an agricultural region (sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, rice, dairy cattle-breeding). It has enterprises producing powdered milk, butter, cheese, and leather goods and is a center for the production of handmade straw hats.

Cajamarca was one of the important cities of the Inca empire until the beginning of the 16th century. It was under Spanish rule from the 16th to the 19th century. The architecture of Cajamarca flourished in the first half of the 18th century. The rich deep carvings, resembling a plush carpet, give a special magnificence to Cajamarca’s churches (the cathedral of Santa Catalina, 1682-1762; San Antonio, 1699-1737; and El Belen, 1699-1746). The two-story clay houses have tile roofs that project outward a great distance and portals with carved pilasters and pediments.

REFERENCE

Gridilla, A. Cajamarca y sus monumentos. Cajamarca, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
In another moment, Kuczynski explained that in Cajamarca several mining projects are being developed, such as Cerro Corona, a gold mine located in Celendn; as well as the copper projects of Michiquillay and Galeno, among others.
Juan Heredia, from Jaen, Cajamarca (with a score of 92.
Also, the company said that the La Zanja is an open pit gold and silver mine in Cajamarca department, Pulan district, Peru, located between 3,200 and 3,600 masl, which represents a technical and human challenge for the over 500 men working on the project.
El libro del arqueologo japones Shinya Watanabe aborda este tema para Cajamarca, al norte del Peru.
Cajamarca Rural Library Network: An Affirmative Action?
De estas los departamentos de Amazonas, Cajamarca, San Martin y Huanuco concentran el 46% del area sembrada y el 56% de la produccion nacional estimada en 71 838 tm (OEEE-MINAG, 2013).
Este cuerpo se encuentra en contacto intrusivo con las rocas del Complejo Cajamarca (Maya y Gonzalez, 1995) de edad Triasico (Villagomez et al.
Major reserves of gold are found primarily in the Cajamarca and La Libertad regions, while silver reserves are located in Pasco and Lima.
No obstante, los estudios realizados no incluyeron cuencas lecheras de gran importancia en el pais como aquella del departamento de Cajamarca, cuya produccion de leche es destinada principalmente a la elaboracion de queso.
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Para comprender la oposicion apasionada a Conga en Cajamarca, hay que saber algo sobre Yanacocha, en operacion desde 1993.
En Peru, para el ano 2007, existian brechas de recursos humanos en varias regiones, siendo Cajamarca, Loreto y Piura donde se hallaba el mayor deficit (14).