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(kähämär`kä), city (1993 pop. 123,195), capital of Cajamarca prov., N Peru. An important commercial center, Cajamarca is situated at an altitude of c.9,000 ft (2,740 m) and has a cool, dry climate. Most of the population is indigenous. Grains and alfalfa as well as dairy cattle are raised in the region, and gold, silver, and copper come from nearby mines. Textiles, headwear, and leather products are manufactured. Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 captured the Inca ruler AtahualpaAtahualpa
, d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half-brother, the legitimate heir Huáscar, inherited the rest of the Inca empire.
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 in 1532 at Cajamarca. Inca ruins and nearby thermal springs attract many tourists. National Technical Univ. is located in Cajamarca.



a city in northern Peru. Population, approximately 40, 000. Located on the slopes of the Cordillera Occidental mountain range, at an elevation of more than 2, 800 m.

Cajamarca is a highway junction and the trading center of an agricultural region (sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, rice, dairy cattle-breeding). It has enterprises producing powdered milk, butter, cheese, and leather goods and is a center for the production of handmade straw hats.

Cajamarca was one of the important cities of the Inca empire until the beginning of the 16th century. It was under Spanish rule from the 16th to the 19th century. The architecture of Cajamarca flourished in the first half of the 18th century. The rich deep carvings, resembling a plush carpet, give a special magnificence to Cajamarca’s churches (the cathedral of Santa Catalina, 1682-1762; San Antonio, 1699-1737; and El Belen, 1699-1746). The two-story clay houses have tile roofs that project outward a great distance and portals with carved pilasters and pediments.


Gridilla, A. Cajamarca y sus monumentos. Cajamarca, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the Corporate Volunteering Programme promoted by ACCIONA, we highlight the Light at Home Programme, organized by the ACCIONA Microenergy Foundation, which uses solar home systems to provide electricity in isolated rural communities in Oaxaca (Mexico) or Cajamarca (Peru).
In Peru, the conflict around the proposed Conga mines continues to grow in the northern Andean region around Cajamarca.
Landa's resolution urgently requests health officials in Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Tumbes, Piura, San Martin, Lambayeque, Lima, and Loreto to provide information about who participated in the Anticoncepcion Quirurgica Voluntaria (AQV) program so they can make statements.
The organization was created for the initial effort to aid Casma Palla-Palla and drew inspiration from similar cases Cases such as: Conga Conflict in Cajamarca (Tia Maria Case), Tambo Valley Region, Doe Run Case, Cuenca Llallimayo, Yanacocha Maxima Acuna, all of which have been featured in news articles around the world.
The first auction took place in 2011, when the social conflict over the Conga mining project in Cajamarca was making headlines, and this sparked fear among investors.
The department of Cajamarca, located among the Andean highlands of northern Peru, is a center of mining exploration and exploitation.
CAJAMARCA, Peru -- The vigilantes collared the short, pot-bellied man at Cajamarca's teeming outdoor market and marched him to their storefront.
One example of success is in Cajamarca, Peru where two of the graduates of CIPE's EmprendeAhora civic leadership program set up a rural agricultural cooperative.
Our study was conducted in rural communities of San Marcos Province, Cajamarca, situated at 2,200 to 3,900 m above sea level in the highlands of Peru.
Twenty-six samples were from the departments of San Martin, Amazonas, Cajamarca, and Lambayeque, located in the northern region, which comprises the Andean mountains and Amazonian forests.
This ill-defined ceramic 'style' still awaits definition even though its presence has been noted from Cajamarca in the north to Junin in the Central Andes.
Goodrich GL, Martinsen, GL, Flyg HM, Kirby J, Asch SM, Brahm KD, Brand JM, Cajamarca D, Cantrell JL,