Pigeon Pea

(redirected from Cajanus cajan)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Pigeon Pea


(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Alleviation of salt-induced ionic, osmotic and oxidative stresses in Cajanus cajan nodules by AM inoculation.
Ethnobotanical survey and cytotoxicity testing of plants of South-western Nigeria used to treat cancer, with isolation of cytotoxic constituents from Cajanus cajan Millsp.
The plant species with the lowest concentrations of potassium (150mg/100g) were Acalypha bipartita, Tamarindus indica, Vitex doniana, Mondia whiteii, Cajanus cajan, Crotalaria brevidens, Hibiscus diversifolius, Ceretotheca sesamoides, Bridelia scleroneura and Crotalaria ochroleuca.
Leguminous shrub species consisted of Cajanus cajan, Cratylia argentea, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala and Stylosanthes guianensis and non-leguminous shrub species were Annona senegalensis, Moringa oleifera, Securinega virosa and Vitellaria paradoxa.
The plant species which are tested for host range are Cajanus cajan, Capsicum annuum, Chenopodium amaranticolor, Cicer arietinum, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita pepo, Glycine max, Lycopersicon esculentum, Nicotiana glutinosa, N.
Smillie and Hetherington (1983) verified that plants with decreasing degrees of adaptation to cold, such as Pisum sativum, Cajanus cajan, Triticum aestivian, Arachis hypogea, pennisetum sp.
Sangronis E and CJ Machado Influence of Germination on the Nutritional Quality of Phaseolus vulgaris and Cajanus cajan.