Calabria


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Calabria

(kälä`brēä), region (1991 pop. 2,070,203), 5,822 sq mi (15,079 sq km), S Italy, a peninsula projecting between the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea, separated from Sicily by the narrow Strait of Messina. It forms the toe of the Italian "boot." CatanzaroCatanzaro
, city (1991 pop. 96,614), capital of Catanzaro prov. and of Calabria, S Italy, on a hill above the Ionian Sea. It is a commercial center, with flour mills and distilleries. Employment opportunities there are limited, and the per capita income is low.
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 is the capital of Calabria, which is divided into Catanzaro, Cosenza, and Reggio di Calabria provs. (named after their capitals). The region is generally mountainous, with narrow coastal strips. Long one of the most depressed areas in Italy, the government has tried to stimulate the economy through land reform, the introduction of new crops, and the promotion of tourism. Farming is the main occupation; olives, plums, grapes, citrus fruit, and wheat are grown, and sheep and goats are raised. Fishing is well developed along the Strait of Messina. The region's few manufactures include processed food, wine, forest products, chemicals, and metal goods. There are several large hydroelectric plants. The ancient BruttiumBruttium
, ancient region, S Italy, roughly occupying the present Calabria, the "toe" of the Italian peninsula. Bruttium faced Sicily across the Strait of Messina. Inhabited in the interior by the Brutii (whose chief town was Cosenza) and by the Lucani, it was settled (8th cent.
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, the region was named Calabria in the 8th cent.; before then Calabria referred to the present S ApuliaApulia
, Ital. Puglia, region (1991 pop. 4,031,885), 7,469 sq mi (19,345 sq km), S Italy, bordering on the Adriatic Sea in the east and the Strait of Otranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southern portion, a peninsula, forms the heel of the Italian "boot.
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. Taken in the 11th cent. by Robert GuiscardRobert Guiscard
, c.1015–1085, Norman conqueror of S Italy, a son of Tancred de Hauteville (see Normans). Robert joined (c.1046) his brothers in S Italy and fought with them to expel the Byzantines.
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, Calabria was first part of the Norman kingdom of Sicily and after 1282 became part of the kingdom of NaplesNaples, kingdom of,
former state, occupying the Italian peninsula south of the former Papal States. It comprised roughly the present regions of Campania, Abruzzi, Molise, Basilicata, Apulia, and Calabria. Naples was the capital.

In the 11th and 12th cent.
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. The region was conquered by Garibaldi in 1860. Feudal landholding patterns prevailed in Calabria until the 20th cent. These, along with malaria, destructive earthquakes (particularly in 1905 and 1908), droughts, and poor transportation facilities, have hindered the economic development of the region and resulted in large-scale emigration (late 19th cent.–20th cent.) to foreign countries and to the industrial cities of N Italy. There is a relatively new university at Reggio di Calabria.

Calabria

 

a region in southern Italy, primarily on the Calabrian Peninsula. Area, 15, 100 sq km. Population, 2 million (1970). It comprises the provinces of Catanzaro, Cosenza, and Reggio di Calabria. Catanzaro is the main city.

The main economic activity in Calabria is agriculture, in which approximately half of the economically active population is engaged. Large landed estates are typical; land-starvation and poverty are prevalent among the peasants, causing large-scale emigration. Viticulture, truck farming, and floriculture (growing jasmine for essences) are important. Calabria produces 23 percent of the country’s olives, 15 percent of its citrus fruits, and 12 percent of its figs. There are extensive pasture areas for the raising of livestock. In 1969 there were 369, 000 sheep, 138, 000 goats, 185, 000 cattle, 264, 000 hogs, and 51,000 horses, donkeys, and mules.

About a third of the economically active population is engaged in industry. Electric power is produced mainly at the Plateau la Sila hydroelectric power station; the output was 0.9 billion kilowatt-hours in 1969. Calabria has zinc-smelting and chemical plants (in Crotone), a plant producing railroad cars (in Reggio di Calabria), a cement plant, and a rolling mill. There are food, garment, and wood-products industries.

REFERENCE

Gambi, Lucio. “Calabria.” Turin, 1965. (Le regioni d’Italia, vol. 16.)

T. A. GALKINA


Calabria

 

a peninsula in southern Italy; the southern part of the Apennine Peninsula between the Ionian Sea, the Strait ofMessina, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Length, approximately 250km. Width, from 40 to 100 km. Most of it is occupied by theCalabrian Apennines, which are composed mainly of limestoneand flysch in the east and of granites and gneisses in the west.Elevation, up to 1, 956 m (in the Aspromonte Massif). On the mountain slopes there is maquis, and in places beech and pineforests. Along the coasts there are narrow, very hilly tilledplains. Calabria is subject to earthquakes. The major cities areReggio di Calabria, Catanzaro, and Cosenza.

Calabria

1. a region of SW Italy: mostly mountainous and subject to earthquakes. Chief town: Reggio di Calabria. Pop.: 2 007 392 (2003 est.). Area: 15 080 sq. km (5822 sq. miles)
2. an ancient region of extreme SE Italy (3rd century bc to about 668 ad); now part of Apulia
References in periodicals archive ?
Address : ( S) Region Calabria Department Infrastructure - Public Works - Mobility Regional Citizen - Gemaneto Avenue Viale Europa Catanzaro 88100 Contact Person: Arch.
Ferraro taught at the Italian Institute for Advanced Culinary and Pastry Arts as the creative cuisine professor for one year in 2014, and in 2015 he published his first book Calabria in Tutti i Sensi - Un Viaggio con Luigi Ferraro (Calabria in every way - A journey with Luigi Ferraro) in co-operation with photographer Riccardo Marcialis and published by Rubbettino Editore.
Prices for the kosher fruits, which in normal years can easily fetch $200 ahead of Sukkot, have doubled and tripled, making Chabad communities around the world -- who strongly favor the Calabria variety -- fear that they will not be able to afford or obtain a specimen to call their own.
Si (Yarrington) acabo en Calabria, fue por una razon.
Although Beagle's characteristically dry humor brings a few chuckles, In Calabria leans more towards magical realism than high fantasy.
The Caffe Calabria menu will also have suggested pairings with QFW wines.
The road show also aimed to promote new business relations between the UAE and the Calabria region by facilitating the investments in the region, and focusing on the internationalisation of Calabrian companies.
The Pope recently visited a prison to meet the jailed relatives of "Coco" Campolongo, a three-year-old boy, who was murdered in Calabria along with his grandfather by the mafia.
A spokesman for the judiciary department in Calabria confirmed to 7DAYS that Matacena had been arrested in Dubai but said he could not comment on Matacena's movements since his disappearance.
Some of the resorts have been located in the Calabria region, where Fitzsimons was believed to be staying.
Cancellieri, who had herself acted as special administrator of the northern city of Bologna, said Reggio Calabria would be run for 18 months by Crotone administrator Vincenzo Panico.
REGGIO CALABRIA -- Italy's A3 highway, begun in the 1960s and still not finished, starts outside Naples in the ancient hill town of Salerno and ends, rather unceremoniously, 300 miles farther south as a local street in downtown Reggio Calabria.