Calais


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Calais

(kälā`), city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages. A major cross-channel ferry and hovercraft port, it is near the site of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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 linking France with England. It was fortified (13th cent.) by the counts of Boulogne. In 1347, after a siege of 11 months, Calais fell to Edward III of England. A bronze monument by Rodin commemorates the famous episode of the six burghers who offered their lives to save the town; they were spared when Edward's queen, Philippa, interceded. The city remained in English hands until it was recovered (1558) by the French under François de Lorraine, the duke of Guise. It was the scene of much fighting (1940, 1944) in World War II. A Gothic church survived.

Calais

 

a city and port in northern France, on the Strait of Dover. Administrative center of the department of Pas-de-Calais. Population, 75, 000 (1968).

Calais is a transportation center of international importance, through which passes maritime passenger traffic to Dover in Great Britain. It is also a fishing and commercial center. There are metallurgical, ship-repair, electrotechnical, and chemical enterprises in the city. Calais also produces its traditional lace, tulle, and embroidery.

The city grew out of a fishing village in the late ninth and the tenth century. In the 13th century it was fortified by the Count of Boulogne. From the 13th century it played a significant role in the trade between France and England. In 1347, during the Hundred Years’ War, Calais was captured by the English after a lengthy siege; it remained a stronghold of the English in their later struggle against France. In 1558, Calais was captured by the Duke of Guise and reunited with France. The Cateau-Cam-bresis Peace of 1559 confirmed Calais as French.

Calais

a port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347--1558. Pop.: 77 333 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
In Calais officials refused to confirm if arrests were made or weapons and explosives seized.
Natacha Bouchart, above, accused David Cameron of showing "contempt" for the people of Calais as she called on him to accept 3,500 people massed in the northern French port.
Labour MP for Cardiff Cental, Jo Stevens, has also offered her office on Albany Road in Roath as a drop-off location for people wanting to donate resources to be taken to Calais and across Europe.
BRITISH travellers have spoken of their frustration after a blockade at the Port of Calais disrupted bank holiday journeys for thousands of passengers.
GENEVA, Aug 20 (KUNA) -- The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, on Thursday welcomed a joint Franco-British declaration on the situation in Calais and the associated action plan announced Thursday.
A MERCY mission to Calais taking much-needed supplies to refugees is being organised by a Tyneside businessman and a Teesside teacher.
THE Calais crisis worsened yesterday as the port's deputy mayor accused Britain of "outrageous provocation" and then threatened to let all the migrants into the UK.
A BIRMINGHAM haulage firm has ended foreign deliveries after its drivers have been repeatedly targeted by desperate migrants at Calais.
The focus is on storytelling through "bel canto" - beautiful singing - with new productions of Mozart's Cosi fan tutte, Verdi's Simon Boccanegra and Donizetti's The Siege of Calais.
Plans for CargoGate-terminal in new Calais Premier logistics hub announced
Summary: The booze cruise could be about to disappear as three UK alcohol retailers pull out of Calais, according to a report.
The booze cruise could be on its last legs--as three UK alcohol retailers pull out of Calais.