Calais


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Calais

(kälā`), city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages. A major cross-channel ferry and hovercraft port, it is near the site of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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 linking France with England. It was fortified (13th cent.) by the counts of Boulogne. In 1347, after a siege of 11 months, Calais fell to Edward III of England. A bronze monument by Rodin commemorates the famous episode of the six burghers who offered their lives to save the town; they were spared when Edward's queen, Philippa, interceded. The city remained in English hands until it was recovered (1558) by the French under François de Lorraine, the duke of Guise. It was the scene of much fighting (1940, 1944) in World War II. A Gothic church survived.

Calais

 

a city and port in northern France, on the Strait of Dover. Administrative center of the department of Pas-de-Calais. Population, 75, 000 (1968).

Calais is a transportation center of international importance, through which passes maritime passenger traffic to Dover in Great Britain. It is also a fishing and commercial center. There are metallurgical, ship-repair, electrotechnical, and chemical enterprises in the city. Calais also produces its traditional lace, tulle, and embroidery.

The city grew out of a fishing village in the late ninth and the tenth century. In the 13th century it was fortified by the Count of Boulogne. From the 13th century it played a significant role in the trade between France and England. In 1347, during the Hundred Years’ War, Calais was captured by the English after a lengthy siege; it remained a stronghold of the English in their later struggle against France. In 1558, Calais was captured by the Duke of Guise and reunited with France. The Cateau-Cam-bresis Peace of 1559 confirmed Calais as French.

Calais

a port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347--1558. Pop.: 77 333 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
He had his first consultation at Centre Hospitalier Calais, which is 10 minutes' drive from the Channel Tunnel exit, three weeks ago.
Speaking in Calais, he blamed migrant traffickers and "totally organised" gangs for the violence.
The "Pride of Kent" of P&O Ferries tried to leave the Calais harbour bound for Dover, Britain around midday, but ran aground in the harbour, probably on a sand bank, the prefecture said.
Meanwhile, French president Francois Hollande vowed to shut down a growing migrant camp in Paris following the Calais clearance.
Monday's visit is also Hollande's first visit to Calais since his presidency.
A joint statement from both governments after talks between Ms Rudd and Mr Cazeneuve in Paris said: "In the face of the challenges posed by ongoing migratory flows in Europe, and taking into account the migratory pressure in the Calais region and the particularly difficult humanitarian situation, we are committed to working together to strengthen the security of our shared border, to strongly diminish the migratory pressure in Calais and preserve the vital economic link supported by the juxtaposed controls in Calais.
Asked about presidential hopeful Nicolas Sarkozy's call for a processing centre in England to deal with asylum requests from those in Calais, the No 10 spokesman declined to speculate on the position of a possible future French administration.
Summary: 1000 migrants will be affected by the Calais relocation
THE Government has a grip on the migrant crisis at Calais, Philip Hammond has insisted as David Cameron faces calls to break his holiday and witness its impact "first hand".
THE Calais crisis worsened yesterday as the port's deputy mayor accused Britain of "outrageous provocation" and then threatened to let all the migrants into the UK.
UKPRwire, Tue Apr 28 2015] With record freight traffic volumes currently being handled between Dover and Calais following phenomenal growth of 20% over the past two years, the need for investment in additional capacity and resilience has become ever more pressing.
THE majority of British visitors to Calais tend to associate the city with ferries, hypermarkets selling cheap booze or the starting point of a holiday journey to more distant parts of France - and not for some of the best lingerie in the world and the globe's best known and most glamorous models.