Calais

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Calais

(kälā`), city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages. A major cross-channel ferry and hovercraft port, it is near the site of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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 linking France with England. It was fortified (13th cent.) by the counts of Boulogne. In 1347, after a siege of 11 months, Calais fell to Edward III of England. A bronze monument by Rodin commemorates the famous episode of the six burghers who offered their lives to save the town; they were spared when Edward's queen, Philippa, interceded. The city remained in English hands until it was recovered (1558) by the French under François de Lorraine, the duke of Guise. It was the scene of much fighting (1940, 1944) in World War II. A Gothic church survived.

Calais

 

a city and port in northern France, on the Strait of Dover. Administrative center of the department of Pas-de-Calais. Population, 75, 000 (1968).

Calais is a transportation center of international importance, through which passes maritime passenger traffic to Dover in Great Britain. It is also a fishing and commercial center. There are metallurgical, ship-repair, electrotechnical, and chemical enterprises in the city. Calais also produces its traditional lace, tulle, and embroidery.

The city grew out of a fishing village in the late ninth and the tenth century. In the 13th century it was fortified by the Count of Boulogne. From the 13th century it played a significant role in the trade between France and England. In 1347, during the Hundred Years’ War, Calais was captured by the English after a lengthy siege; it remained a stronghold of the English in their later struggle against France. In 1558, Calais was captured by the Duke of Guise and reunited with France. The Cateau-Cam-bresis Peace of 1559 confirmed Calais as French.

Calais

a port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347--1558. Pop.: 77 333 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
Three members of an Army women's basketball team were killed when a lorry crashed into their stationary minibus near Calais, France, in March 2003, and four months later, an 18year-old Army cadet was decapitated when he put his head out of a coach skylight as it travelled through Holland.
The attempt will be undertaken in a Gibbs Aquada on 14 June from Dover, England to Calais, France.
Rodin was commissioned in 1884 by the Municipal Council of Calais, France, to design a monument to honor the secular martyrdom of the Burghers of Calais.
An effort to simplify complex arrival and departure information graphically at each end of the channel tunnel between Dover, England and Calais, France is but one outstanding example of this process.
Short was arrested in an undercover police swoop in Calais, France.
Originally from Calais, France, Decrequy brings nearly 30 years of hospitality experience to his new position.
Groupe Eurotunnel SE (Euronext Paris: GET and London Stock Exchange: GETS) manages the infrastructure of the Channel Tunnel and operates accompanied truck shuttle and passenger shuttle (car and coach) services between Folkestone, UK and Calais, France.
However, on September 16 they were arrested in Calais, France, with the bullets and pictures.
He enlisted on January 14, 1915, and is buried at Favreuil British Cemetery in the Pas de Calais, France.
The man's vehicle was searched during a routine stop check at the Channel Tunnel in Folkestone as he attempted to board the train for Calais, France.
The UK Border Agency confirmed yesterday that the lorry was destined for Liverpool when it was intercepted having disembarked from a ferry from Calais, France.