Falkirk

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Falkirk

(fŏl`kûrk), town (1991 pop. 36,372), Falkirk council area, central Scotland, on the Forth and Clyde Canal. The local coal and iron mines have been exhausted, but fireclay is still mined and the metal products industry (aluminium and metal casting) remains important. Light engineering and brewing are also part of the town's economy. Livestock fairs (including the "trysts of Falkirk") have been held for centuries. Carron, to the north, is well known for its ironworks, and Roughcastle, to the west, is the site of the Falkirk Wheel, a modern boat lift connecting the Forth and Clyde with the Union Canal. GrangemouthGrangemouth
, town (1981 pop. 21,744), Falkirk, central Scotland, on the Forth River at the eastern terminus of the Forth and Clyde canal. Grangemouth is an important oil and container port, with an oil refinery and large chemical works.
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 is Falkirk's port. In the first battle of Falkirk (1298), said to be the first battle in which the longbow was decisive, Edward I and the English defeated the Scots led by Sir William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
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. In 1746, during the Jacobite uprising, Gen. Henry Hawley was defeated there by Prince Charles Edward and his Highlanders (see ScotlandScotland,
political division of Great Britain (2011 pop. 5,295,000), 30,414 sq mi (78,772 sq km), comprising the northern portion of the island of Great Britain and many surrounding islands.
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).

Falkirk

1. a town in Scotland, the administrative centre of Falkirk council area: scene of Edward I's defeat of Wallace (1298) and Prince Charles Edward's defeat of General Hawley (1746); iron works. Pop.: 32 379 (2001)
2. a council area in central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth: created in 1996 from part of Central Region: largely agricultural, with heavy industry in Falkirk and Grangemouth. Administrative centre: Falkirk. Pop.: 145 920 (2003 est.). Area: 299 sq. km (115 sq. miles)