Based on the derivative-type, use of brine fluids derived from zinc bromide, sodium bromide and calcium bromide
in the homogenous extraction of oil and gas is increasing and will continue to drive market growth to a significant extent.
The corrosive fluids implicated in the leak at Total's Elgin field, such as calcium bromide, are commonly used in such deep-sea wells, and experts fear a recurrence as operators, under pressure to offset declining output from conventional reservoirs, turn to deeper, hotter and higher pressure fields.
Total has says the leak was caused by a corrosive reaction between calcium bromide used to complete the well and grease in the pipework, which under high pressure cracked the piping.
Calcium bromide is not generally regarded as corrosive and is still widely used in the North Sea, but Reuters uncovered a number of historical cases in which chemically related fluids known as halides, such as zinc bromide and calcium chloride, have corroded pipework.
The second phase of the expansion will double the current capacity of key bromine derivatives, hydrobromic acid, calcium bromide
, and sodium bromide, and is scheduled for commissioning in May 2013, said a top official.
Effective immediately, or as contracts allow, the new prices will be implemented on WELLBROM sodium bromide fluid, WELLBROM calcium bromide
fluid and WELLBROM zinc bromide/calcium bromide
When completed (anticipated to be in 2002), the joint venture will operate a 50,000-ton bromine plant, a 47,500-ton potassium hydroxide plant, a 30,000-ton calcium bromide
plant, and a 50,000-ton tetrabromobisphenol-A (Saytex CP-2000) flame retardant plant.
As an example, wholesale prices for calcium bromide
increased over 100% in 2005.
Chemtura Corporation (NYSE:CEM) today announced it will increase list and off-list pricing by 40% for calcium bromide
Operations under the initial phase of the venture commenced in January of this year with the successful start-up of calcium bromide production.
Annual design capacities of 20 million pounds of bromine or 35 million pounds of calcium bromide or 45 million pounds of sodium bromide have been verified in actual production runs at the facility.