kidney stone

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Related to Calcium stone: renal calculus

kidney stone

[′kid·nē ‚stōn]
(mineralogy)
References in periodicals archive ?
Calcium stone formers with idiopathic hyperoxaluria should be treated initially with a low-oxalate diet.
There was no difference in the urinary volume comparing uric acid stone formers or calcium stone formers between both populations (1603.
Phyllanthus niruri normalizes elevated urinary calcium levels in calcium stone forming (CSF) patients.
As discussed previously, several mechanisms have been proposed for the formation of calcium stones.
Cranberry juice significantly alters key urinary risk factors by decreasing urinary excretion of oxalate and phosphate and increasing citrate excretion, an inhibitor of calcium stone formation.
Calcium stones can be caused by too much salt in your diet, which stimulates calcium excretion in the urine, according to Sur, who adds that reducing salt intake helps to prevent such stones.
In calcium stone formers the presence or absence of metabolic risk-factors are highly important and it was accordingly shown that patients with residual stone fragments after PNL had a 55% growth if left without medical recurrence prevention, compared with 15% of those with such treatment.
They also found an increased proportion of diabetes among uric acid stone formers than in calcium stone formers.
The study, conducted by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, suggests that the citrate and malate content in commonly consumed sodas may be sufficient to inhibit the development of calcium stones.
Oral calcium supplements should be restricted if a person has calcium stones.
4 To prevent calcium stones, eat fewer dairy products and avoid calcium-based antacids.
Recent studies have shown that foods high in calcium, including dairy products, may help prevent calcium stones - contrary to what doctors used to think.