Calends


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Related to Calends: Roman calendar

Calends

 

the name of the first day of the month in the ancientRoman calendar. Calends, like nones and ides, were used tocount the days of the month, which were reckoned backward from these days, for example, “the sixth day before the calends of March” or “the third day before the nones of January.” The expression ad Calendas Graecas denotes a time that will nevercome, since calends were used only in the ancient Roman calen-dar.

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The Romans called their new year Calends and Julius Caesar named the first month January after the two-headed god Janus who looks backward in memory and forward in hope.
It makes such inequalities legitimate because it provides theoretically for their transitory nature while in practice postponing real change for the Greek calends.
GIVEN ON THE THIRD DAY BEFORE THE CALENDS OF MARCH AT CONSTANTINOPLE, IN THE CONSULATE OF THE TWO AUGUSTI, ARCADIUS FOR THE FOURTH TIME AND HONORIUS FOR THE THIRD TIME.