Callao


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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
We chose the Callao Garden Apartments for our stay, which was basic, spacious self-catering accommodation.
Rai dyddiau cyn ysgrifennu'r llythyr, roedd y Pontiac wedi cychwyn am adref o Callao, ond ar Hydref 13 - (bydd rhai'n gweld y dyddiad yn arwyddocaol, ond dydd Mawrth oedd o gyda llaw) - roedd un o'r criw, wedi ymosod ar ddau aelod arall ac wedi eu trywanu'n ddrwg.
Melissa Reid arrives handcuffed for a court hearing, in Callao, Peru, yesterday
Edelnor, controlled by Spanish power utility Endesa (MCE:ELE), operates in Lima region and Callao province.
In statements to Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Bin Sulayem said that DB World is strongly present in South America, especially here, through Callao, Peru's largest and most important port.
Then she describes other destinations nearby, such as the North Snake Range and Mount Moriah Wilderness, the Pony Express Trail and Callao, and Burbank Hills and Garrison.
And in Peru, the chairman of DP World, Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, recently toured DP World Callao, the largest container terminal on South America's Pacific Coast, and held talks with the Prime Minister of Peru on the company's role in the country's growth.
The chairman of DP World recently toured DP World Callao, the largest container terminal on South America's Pacific Coast, and held talks with the Prime Minister of Peru on the company's role in Peru's growth.
Summary: DUBAI - Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem, Chairman, DP World, has toured DP World Callao, the largest and most efficient container terminal on South America's Pacific coast, and met Oscar Valdez, Prime Minister of Peru, to discuss how the company can continue to contribute to Peru's growth.
The 30-night sector is the final leg of the voyage, joining Black Watch in Callao (Peru), and travelling back to Southampton, via the Panama Canal and the Caribbean.
Callao, Peru South America's largest and most modern container terminal on the west coast, DP World Callao, was officially inaugurated yesterday by Peruvian President Alan GarcE[degrees]a Perez and DP World Chairman Sultan Ahmad Bin Sulayem.
The young couple were four days into a week-long holiday in Callao Salvaje, near Playa de las Americas, when he disappeared.