Callao


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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Located at Repsol's La Pampilla Refinery in Callao, near Lima, Peru, the new Praxair facility adjacent to the hydrogen plant will recover and purify carbon dioxide (CO2) generated by the SMR for the production of food-grade liquid CO2.
IFO 380 prices in Callao and Guayaquil, were assessed at $296/mt delivered and $297/mt delivered, respectively $1 higher from Friday, based on price indications, strong demand and low supplies.
A mediodia oimos claramente los canones grandes del Callao e inmediatamente corrieron rumores sobre la causa de los canonazos.
El mismo informador apuntaba a que la situacion podria venir motivada por las intromisiones de ella en la nueva etapa profesional de Chiquetete, en la que tambien participan sus hijos mayores, que no habrian visto con buenos ojos esta actuacion de Carmen, que segun comentan llego a incomodar igualmente a los organizadores de los tres dias de conciertos en el Callao madrileno, y que lo pusieron en conocimiento del artista.
Key Industry Trends APM Terminals Invests USD750mn In Callao Terminal Expansion
El Callao ocupa un lugar en las tierras que se extienden de Guasipati a Tumeremo en donde abundan las intrusiones de basalto y cuarzo que cortan el gneis.
The eight survivors were Michell Callao, Jessa Mae Callao, Almira Zuniga, Cherylyn Calum, Janice Baja, Dally Delos Ninos, Irene Acuna and Nikki Torres.
Our short break was to the small yet perfectly formed resort of Callao Savaje, which lies about 18 miles from Tenerife South Airport on the Costa Adeje.
The three-star Callao Garden Apartments are located in the peaceful resort of Callao Salvaje in the South West of Tenerife and are ideal for a quiet break in the Canarian sunshine.
95% in total tonnage throughput at the Port of Callao, to 20.
Mae'r stori'n cychwyn ar fwrdd y Pontiac ym mhorthladd Callao, Periw, ym mis Hydref 1863.