Callao

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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
ICLARM Conference Proceeding 18, Instituto del Mar del Peru (IMARPE), Callao, Peru, 438 p.
In response to a growing number of accidents caused by drivers splitting their concentration between the road and their cellular telephones, Callao, Peru, passed a law last year that made the practice illegal.
The Pacific crossing, which Munoz described as a mission to further science and fraternity, is not unlike the 1947 adventure of Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who sailed on a balsa wood raft to the Polynesian island of Raroia from Callao, Peru.
Twenty Peruvians of Japanese ancestry met with American supporters of the Campaign for Justice in Callao, Peru on Monday.
Additionally, Contrans Bonded Offdock and Depot in Callao, Peru deployed Navis Argo.
During the first half of this year, the company spent $411 million in projects such as Callao, Peru with new terminals opening up in Vallarpadam, India and Karachi, Pakistan.
We have continued to invest new capacity in line with market demand and our development in Callao, Peru opened towards the end of the second quarter of the year with Vallarpadam, India and Karachi, Pakistan both scheduled to open later this year,' he said.
Only 13 days are spent at sea and ports of call include: Acapulco in Mexico, four days in Callao, Peru - from where you can take a trip to the remains of the ancient Inca citadel of Macchu Pichu - three days in Valparaiso in Chile, Port Stanley in the Falklands, three days in Buenos Aires in Argentina, two days in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, as well as Barbados, Antigua and Martinique.
The Pacific crossing is not unlike the 1947 adventure of Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who sailed on a balsa wood raft to the Polynesian island of Raroia from Callao, Peru.
CONTRANS, located in Callao, Peru, chose Navis Argo terminal operating system to achieve lower total cost of ownership (TCO), better container inventory accuracy, increased data consistency, increased throughput with equipment control and better process integration.
A DP World statement said the performance was driven by strong growth in the Asia Pacific, the UAE, Africa and Americas regions, as well as new volumes from recently opened capacity in Callao, Peru and Qingdao, China.