Callatis

Callatis

 

(also Kallatis), an ancient Greek city-state on the western shore of the Black Sea (present-day Mangalia, Rumania).

Founded at the end of the sixth century B.C., Callatis quickly became a large city-state (polis) with a highly developed economy. From the early 330’s B.C. to 281 B.C. it was subject to Macedonia. Between 313 and 305 B.C. the inhabitants of Callatis were in a state of rebellion, which was supressed by Lysimachus. More than 1,000 Callatian citizens fled to the Bosporan State. Under Mithridates VI, Callatis became part of Pontus. In 28 B.C. it became part of the Roman province of Moesia. In the first half of the seventh century a.d., Callatis was destroyed during the Avar and Slav invasions. Excavations (from 1901, O. Tafrali, T. Sauciuc-Saveanu, and R. Vulpe) have uncovered the remains of massive defensive walls, city blocks, temples, public and private buildings, and numerous works of art, inscriptions, and household objects. The necropolises have been investigated. In one of the burials dating from the fourth century B.C., the remains of a Greek manuscript on papyrus were found.

REFERENCES

Blavatskaia, T. V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v. VII-I vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1952.
Preda, K. Kallatis. Bucharest, 1963. T. V. Blavatskaia
References in periodicals archive ?
As the ancient town of Histria to the north has attracted most specialist attention so far, shifting the research focus to the south allowed the inclusion of the only major town of inner Dobrogea (Tropaeum Traiani) and the lesser-known hinterlands of Callatis and Tomis.
Callatis, Tomis) or newly discovered Roman forts overseeing movement in the interior (e.
Such large clusters of barrows of high density were identified, as expected, to the west and north of Callatis (Figure 9) extending, like at Histria, in a stellar pattern along the main access roads for at least 3km.
Callatis High School, Rozelor 36, Mangalia, Romania
S-a acreditat ideea potrivit careia, Episcopia Tomisului a fost ridicata la rangul de mitropolie de imparatul Anastasios I (491-518) si avea sub jurisdictie 14 episcopii: Anaxiopolis (Cernavoda), Capidava, Bifainos, Caupros; Nicomidia; Dessu, Salsovia, Halmyris, Tropaeum Traiani, Zeldipa, Dionysopolis, Callatis, Histria, Constantiniana Daphne, resedinte episcopale sunt citate in lucrarea Synekdemos a lui Hieracles.
Sub Licinius era deja episcopat la Tomis si Durostorum, iar din secolul al VI-lea si la Callatis (Mangalia), a caror opera misionara se extindea si in Muntenia si in Moldova.
Strong share gains were registered by Marlboro in the Czech Republic, Israel and Saudi Arabia; Red & White in Romania; L&M in the Czech Republic, Poland, Turkey and Israel; Chesterfield in Poland and Turkey; Lark in Turkey and local brands Fajrant in Poland and Callatis in Romania.
According to a theory much publicised in the media, the bracelets could have been produced in modern times from metal obtained from melting ancient gold coins (Dacian staters of KOSON type, Lysimachus staters struck by craftsmen in the Greek towns on the western Black Sea coast--Tomis, Callatis, Istros--or late Roman Republican aurei).
The Lysimachus-type staters belong to the late posthumous series of these issues, struck by the Greek mints from Dobrogea (Tomis, Callatis and Istros) in the late second century BC and the first decades of the first century BC, during the Mithridatic wars.